Flood management also includes early warning systems, which can reduce deaths and injuries, and disaster response capacity, which is highly variable in the region. Improvements in each of these areas would be adaptive to both glacial melt and hydrological change.

There is a growing sentiment within parts of the climate science community that the social effects of climate change are already more extensive than previously thought or recognized, and are mounting more quickly and more extensively than predicted. This suggests that in discussions of climate change impacts over 50-year-plus time horizons may have to be replaced with ten-year-plus time horizons, and more comprehensive approaches to hydroclimatic forecasting, natural hazards mitigation, and water management.

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