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Appendix G Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Henry J. Vaux, Jr. (Chair) is professor emeritus of sity. There she was also lead project scientist for the resource economics at the University of California in NASA-funded Socioeconomic Data and Applications both Berkley and Riverside. He is also associate vice Center where she worked on large-scale data integra- president emeritus of the University of California tion of geographic, survey, and administrative data. She system. He previously served as director of California's received her Ph.D. in demography from the University Center for Water Resources. His principal research of California, Berkeley, and her master's degree in pub- interests are the economics of water use, irrigated lic policy, and A.B in international relations, from the agriculture, and water marketing. Prior to joining the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. She has recently University of California, he worked at the Office of completed service as a member of the International Management and Budget and served on the staff of Union for the Scientific Study of Population Working the National Water Commission. Dr. Vaux has served Group on Urbanisation and two National Research on numerous NRC committees and was the chair of Council panels. She has coauthored numerous papers the Water Science and Technology Board of the NRC on population and climate change, including a recent from 1994 to 2001. He is a national associate of the one on city population forecasts and water scarcity. National Academies. Dr. Vaux received an A.B. from the University of California, Davis in biological sci- Edward R. Cook is a Ewing Research Professor at ences, an M.A. in natural resources administration, and Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia an M.S. and Ph.D. in economics from the University University. He cofounded the Tree-Ring Laboratory of Michigan. in 1975, which is dedicated to expanding the use and application of tree-ring research around the world to Deborah Balk is professor at the City University of improve our understanding of past climate and envi- New York (CUNY )'s Baruch School of Public Affairs ronmental history. His current research concentrates and the CUNY Graduate Center in the Sociology on the use of tree-ring data networks to study regional and Economics Programs and associate director of climate, global climate teleconnections, and anthropo- the CUNY Institute for Demographic Research. Her genic impacts on forest growth. Dr. Cook received his expertise lies in spatial demography and the integra- Ph.D. in watershed management from the University tion of earth and social science data and methods to of Arizona. address interdisciplinary policy questions. Her current research focus is on urbanization, population, poverty, William K.-M. Lau is the deputy director for atmo- and environmental interactions, in particular, climate spheres, in the Earth Science Division at NASA God- change. Prior to joining CUNY in 2006, she was a dard Space Flight Center. He received his Ph.D. in research scientist at the Center for International Earth atmospheric sciences at the University of Washington Science Information Network at Columbia Univer- in Seattle in 1977. Dr. Lau is an adjunct professor in 141
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142 APPENDIX G the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences with colleagues, developed structured methods for at the University of Maryland, adjunct professor of analyzing country, sector, and local vulnerabilities to mathematics at the Hong Kong University of Sci- climate change. Dr. Malone coordinated and developed ence and Technology, and honorary professor in the the science portion of the National Intelligence Assess- School of Climate and Energy at the City University ment on Climate Change and coordinated the develop- of Hong Kong. His research work spans more than ment of regional reports on scientific knowledge about three decades covering a wide range of topics in climate climate change. She was the technical lead for a report dynamics, tropical and monsoon meteorology, ocean- on glacier melt in the greater Himalayan area, including atmosphere interaction, aerosol-water cycle interaction, downstream vulnerabilities and potential interventions climate variability, and climate change. He has received for the U.S. Agency for International Development. many awards for his research and scientific leadership, She received her Ph.D. in sociology from the University including, among others, the American Meteorological of Maryland in 2004. Society Meisinger Award for Young Scientists (1988), the NASA John Lindsay Award (1987), the Goddard Robert McDonald is a vanguard scientist for The Exceptional Achievement Medal (1991), and the Wil- Nature Conservancy. Dr. McDonald works for the liam Nordberg Award in Earth Science (1999). He is Conservancy's Analysis Unit on issues related to energy, a Goddard Senior Fellow, a fellow of the American agriculture, and ecosystem services. Dr. McDonald has Meteorological Society, and a fellow of the American recently led a National Center for Ecological Analysis Geophysical Union. and Synthesis Working Group on how global urban growth and climate change will affect urban water Marc Levy is deputy director of the Center for availability and air quality. He also researches the effect International Earth Science Information Network, of U.S. energy policy on natural habitat and water use. a unit of Columbia University's Earth Institute. He Prior to joining the Conservancy, he was a Smith Con- is also an adjunct professor in Columbia's School of servation Biology Fellow at Harvard University, study- International and Public Affairs. He is a political ing the impact that global urban growth will have on scientist specializing in the human dimensions of biodiversity and conservation. Dr. McDonald has also global environmental change. His research focuses on taught landscape ecology at Harvard's Graduate School climate-security linkages, emerging infectious disease of Design, helping architects and planners incorporate modeling, anthropogenic drivers of global change, sus- ecological principles into their projects. He earned his tainability indicators, and vulnerability mapping. He is Ph.D. in ecology from Duke University. also leading a project in Haiti to reduce vulnerability to disaster risks by integrating ecology and economic Drew Shindell is a senior scientist at the NASA development goals on a watershed scale. He has served Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Dr. Shindell on a number of international assessments, and is cur- researches climate change, with a focus on atmospheric rently a lead author on the Intergovernmental Panel for chemistry. An expert on modeling the impact of emis- Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report's chapter on sion changes, Dr. Shindell's work has investigated how human security. the atmospheric chemical system has important effects on humans through pollutants such as smog or par- Elizabeth L. Malone is a senior research scientist at the ticulates, through acid rain, and through stratospheric Joint Global Change Research Institute. Her interests ozone change, and how climate can be altered by focus on policy-relevant sociological research in global greenhouse gases, solar variability, volcanic eruptions, change issues, developing studies that integrate dispa- aerosols, and ozone, and what effects changes in climate rate worldviews, data sources, and scientific approaches. and air quality may have on society. Dr. Shindell serves Dr. Malone was an author and review editor for the as a coordinating lead author for the Intergovernmental most recent assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel Panel on Climate Change's Fifth Assessment Report on Climate Change, both in impacts, adaptation, and on global climate change. He earned his Ph.D. at Stony vulnerability; and mitigation. In recent years she has, Brook University.
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APPENDIX G 143 Lonnie G. Thompson (NAS) is a professor at the Management of Glen Canyon Dam and the Colorado Ohio State University's School of Earth Sciences and River; and A New Era for Irrigation. He has contrib- senior research scientist at the Byrd Polar Research uted to studies of climate, water, and food security in Center. His research focuses on searching glacial ice the Indus Basin; and to historical research on water- for clues to global warming, and he uses new tech- works of the Mughal period in India and Pakistan. In nologies in the emerging science of paleoclimatology. 2003, he coauthored Water for Life: Water Management Dr. Thompson made his first expedition to glaciers and Environmental Policy with geographer Gilbert F. in December 1973 to Antarctica and he has been on White. Dr. Wescoat received his Ph.D. in geography more than 50 glaciological research expeditions since from the University of Chicago. then. Dr. Thompson pioneered studies of Quaternary climate change recorded in low-latitude alpine icecaps. Mark W. Williams is a professor of geography and His work on ice cores led to a fundamental shift in fellow of the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research thinking about the importance of the tropics in global at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Dr. Williams' climate change. He was elected to the advisory board research interest is the processes that determine the of the International Glaciological Society in 1999. hydrology, hydrochemistry, and biogeochemistry of Dr. Thompson was elected a fellow of the American high-elevation basins, including the storage and release Geophysical Union in 2001, was named a 2002 Dis- of solutes from the snowpack, biogeochemical modifi- tinguished University Professor from the Ohio State cations of snowpack runoff, nutrient cycling, surface- University, and elected to the National Academy of groundwater interactions, and hydrological pathways Sciences in 2005. He received the National Medal of and residence time. Current projects include the Rocky Science in 2007. Mountains, Andes, European Alps, Central Asian areas of Kazakhstan and Kirghizia, western China including James L. Wescoat, Jr., is an Aga Khan Professor at the Tibet, and the Himalayas. Dr. Williams was elected a Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His research fellow of the American Geophysical Union in 2012 and concentrates on water systems in South Asia and is a former Fulbright Research Scholar. He received his the United States from the site to river basin scales. Ph.D. in biological sciences with an emphasis in ecol- He has served on the Water Science and Technology ogy and hydrology from the University of California, Board, including Committees for the Review of Lake Santa Barbara in 1991. Ontario-St. Lawrence Studies; Downstream: Adaptive
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