the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the University of Maryland, adjunct professor of mathematics at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and honorary professor in the School of Climate and Energy at the City University of Hong Kong. His research work spans more than three decades covering a wide range of topics in climate dynamics, tropical and monsoon meteorology, ocean-atmosphere interaction, aerosol-water cycle interaction, climate variability, and climate change. He has received many awards for his research and scientific leadership, including, among others, the American Meteorological Society Meisinger Award for Young Scientists (1988), the NASA John Lindsay Award (1987), the Goddard Exceptional Achievement Medal (1991), and the William Nordberg Award in Earth Science (1999). He is a Goddard Senior Fellow, a fellow of the American Meteorological Society, and a fellow of the American Geophysical Union.

Marc Levy is deputy director of the Center for International Earth Science Information Network, a unit of Columbia University’s Earth Institute. He is also an adjunct professor in Columbia’s School of International and Public Affairs. He is a political scientist specializing in the human dimensions of global environmental change. His research focuses on climate-security linkages, emerging infectious disease modeling, anthropogenic drivers of global change, sustainability indicators, and vulnerability mapping. He is also leading a project in Haiti to reduce vulnerability to disaster risks by integrating ecology and economic development goals on a watershed scale. He has served on a number of international assessments, and is currently a lead author on the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report’s chapter on human security.

Elizabeth L. Malone is a senior research scientist at the Joint Global Change Research Institute. Her interests focus on policy-relevant sociological research in global change issues, developing studies that integrate disparate worldviews, data sources, and scientific approaches. Dr. Malone was an author and review editor for the most recent assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, both in impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability; and mitigation. In recent years she has, with colleagues, developed structured methods for analyzing country, sector, and local vulnerabilities to climate change. Dr. Malone coordinated and developed the science portion of the National Intelligence Assessment on Climate Change and coordinated the development of regional reports on scientific knowledge about climate change. She was the technical lead for a report on glacier melt in the greater Himalayan area, including downstream vulnerabilities and potential interventions for the U.S. Agency for International Development. She received her Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Maryland in 2004.

Robert McDonald is a vanguard scientist for The Nature Conservancy. Dr. McDonald works for the Conservancy’s Analysis Unit on issues related to energy, agriculture, and ecosystem services. Dr. McDonald has recently led a National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis Working Group on how global urban growth and climate change will affect urban water availability and air quality. He also researches the effect of U.S. energy policy on natural habitat and water use. Prior to joining the Conservancy, he was a Smith Conservation Biology Fellow at Harvard University, studying the impact that global urban growth will have on biodiversity and conservation. Dr. McDonald has also taught landscape ecology at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design, helping architects and planners incorporate ecological principles into their projects. He earned his Ph.D. in ecology from Duke University.

Drew Shindell is a senior scientist at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Dr. Shindell researches climate change, with a focus on atmospheric chemistry. An expert on modeling the impact of emission changes, Dr. Shindell’s work has investigated how the atmospheric chemical system has important effects on humans through pollutants such as smog or particulates, through acid rain, and through stratospheric ozone change, and how climate can be altered by greenhouse gases, solar variability, volcanic eruptions, aerosols, and ozone, and what effects changes in climate and air quality may have on society Dr. Shindell serves as a coordinating lead author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fifth Assessment Report on global climate change. He earned his Ph.D. at Stony Brook University.

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