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FIGURE 4.1 Disasters in the South Asia region have been dominated by floods over the past century (1900 to 2010) in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan. SOURCE: Based on data from CRED (2011).

Focusing on the most recent 30-year period (i.e., the most recent climate “normals”) provides additional insight, although the patterns and trends seem less clear. Floods have had increasing significance in the numbers of people affected (Figure 4.4) while earthquakes have been associated with the highest number of

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FIGURE 4.2 Number of people affected per event (bars; y-axis, left) and in aggregate (black triangles; y-axis, right) over the past century (1900 to 2010) in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan. Floods have affected the most people, while droughts have affected the most people per event. SOURCE: Based on data from CRED (2011).



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