TABLE 3-1 Indicators Suggested for K-12 Education

CHARACTERISTICS OF INSTITUTIONS, SERVICE PROVIDERS, AND RESOURCES
SCHOOLS

•   Surveys of safety and orderliness of the school climate

•   School culture related to college and career aspirations, including :

o  percentage of students who go on to two- and four-year colleges and full-time employment

o  surveys of students’ expectations and their schools’ approach to preparation for college and career

•   Collaborative school community focused on student learning, using surveys of teachers, parents, and students

•   Surveys of parent satisfaction

•   High school completion rates

•   Grade retention rates through 8th grade

•   Teacher-student ratio

TEACHERS

•   Proportion of teachers whose evaluations distinguish them from a basic standard, using measures of their contributions to student achievement and their professional practice

•   Teachers with mastery-level and current knowledge of content they are teaching

•   Teachers with mastery-level and contemporary knowledge of child and adolescent development

•   Teacher-student interactions that demonstrate high levels and qualities of involvement, stimulation, and expansion of thinking and cognition, and sensitivity to students’ perspectives, individual experiences, and backgrounds

•   Teacher-student interactions that foster relationships with and among students

•   Teachers providing challenging opportunities to learn in the classroom

INDIVIDUAL OUTCOMES

•   School attendance by age

•   College readiness levels by age and grade

•   Voter registration rate of 18- to 21-year-olds

•   Command of core content, using NAEP scores

CONTEXT

•   K-12 education spending as a share of gross domestic product (GDP)

•   K-12 spending per student

•   Percentage of K-12 education funding spent on research and development

•   Opportunity to learn



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