•   School-based learning experiences

•   Measures of quantity and quality of key inputs (teaching quality, peer supports, parenting quality) and methods (e.g. curricula, resources such as technology)

•   Out-of-school learning experience, learning, and lifestyles or behaviors, such as leisure reading, civic engagement, media use for news, media for informal learning, social networking, consumption of the news, habits of knowledge sharing, including access and home learning resources

•   Contexts and opportunities (availability of resources)

•   Exposure to stressors, accumulated social toxins, such as poverty

Eugene Garcia

•   Issues related to the diversity of the U.S. population—an index that captures demographic change and related assets and vulnerabilities

•   Measures of educational performance such as NAEP and longitudinal studies (e.g., ECLS-B, ECLS-K, and High School and Beyond)

•   Qualitative measures that assess the opportunity to learn—context measures would address issues of quality that could be tied to outcome measures

Patricia Graham

•   Measures of academic achievement, e.g., NAEP and state standardized tests

•   Measures of school conditions, especially effective teaching

•   The role of technology in young people’s lives

Marshall Smith

Indicators of human outcomes: learning and doing

•   Ages 0-6: quality of parent and family support for learning, including physical health and school readiness

•   Ages 6-18: academic growth (assessments, attainment/graduation); participation in community, students’ belief that have “learned how to learn” and enjoy it

•   Ages 18-35: attendance and graduation tertiary education; participation in civil society (voting, networks, coaching)

•   Ages 25 and up: evidence of continued learning (formal, occupational, and informal) and of participation in civil society

Indicators of nonacademic outcomes (byproducts of the system)

•   Ages 0-6: opportunity to participate in arts, sports, and group activities.

•   Ages 6-18: opportunity to participate in arts, sports, and group activities; experience with research, evidence, and research practice; and opportunity to be innovative in supportive environments.

•   Age18 and up: opportunity to create and use research and



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