Rob Warren

1.   Command of core content (NAEP scores)

2.   Grade retention rates through 8th grade

3.   High school completion rates

4.   A measure of opportunity to learn

5.   A measure of college readiness

Higher Education

Kevin Dougherty

1.   Degree completion, particularly for community colleges

2.   Measures of education progression (toward degree completion)

3.   Job placement and earnings

4.   Student learning

5.   Societal outcomes, such as reduced income and wealth inequality

6.   Student knowledge of the college access and success process

Laura Perna

1.   Institutional completion/graduation rates

2.   Educational attainment (10 years after first enrolled)

3.   Affordability

4.   Magnitude and manageability of debt

5.   Economic benefits to individuals (employment rates and salaries)

6.   College readiness and preparation

7.   A measure of equity (distributions of students by key demographic characteristics across different types of postsecondary education institutions and higher education outcomes

Lashawn Richburg-Hayes

1.   The proportion of first-time, first-year students that are college-ready at matriculation

2.   The proportion of students who passed the developmental course requirements within three semesters, if not college-ready at matriculation

3.   The cumulative total of degree-applicable credits earned, possibly relative to a benchmark of 60 credits (the average credits required for an associate’s degree)

Patrick Terenzini

1.   Higher-order cognitive skills (critical thinking, problem solving, synthesizing and evaluating evidence)

2.   Occupational competence in some field

3.   Civic awareness and responsibility

4.   Global and inter-cultural competence

5.   Moral reasoning



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement