Appendix A


Committee Biosketches

Terry F. McElwain (Chair) is the executive director of the Washington Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory and the associate director of the Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health in the College of Veterinary Medicine of Washington State University. He is past president of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians and serves on the Board of Directors of the World Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians. Dr. McElwain has been a key architect of the creation and development of the National Animal Health Laboratory Network and has been closely involved in the development of the School for Global Animal Health at Washington State University. He interacts with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and is a member of the Washington governor’s emergency preparedness task force. He has served on the National Research Council Committee on Assessing the Nation’s Framework for Addressing Animal Diseases and Committee for Achieving Sustainable Global Capacity for Surveillance and Response to Emerging Diseases of Zoonotic Origin. Dr. McElwain has a long record of research in veterinary infectious diseases, especially those of agricultural animals. He received his DVM from the College of Veterinary Medicine of Kansas State University and his PhD from Washington State University. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine.

Nancy D. Connell is a professor in the Division of Infectious Disease of the Department of Medicine of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ) New Jersey Medical School. Dr. Connell’s major research focus is the interaction between respiratory infectious agents and the macrophage. She is director of the biosafety level 3 facility of UMDNJ’s Center for the Study of Emerging and Re-emerging Pathogens and chairs the university’s Institutional Biosafety Committee. Dr. Connell is a past chair of the Center for Scientific Review Study Section at the National Institutes of Health that reviews bacterial-pathogenesis submissions to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and of the study section that reviews fellowships in infectious diseases and microbiology. She now serves on study sections that focus on anti-



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Appendix A Committee Biosketches Terry F. McElwain (Chair) is the executive director of the Washington Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory and the associate director of the Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health in the College of Veterinary Medicine of Washington State University. He is past president of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians and serves on the Board of Directors of the World Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians. Dr. McElwain has been a key architect of the creation and development of the National Animal Health Laboratory Network and has been closely involved in the development of the School for Global Animal Health at Washington State University. He inter- acts with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and is a member of the Washington governor’s emergency preparedness task force. He has served on the National Research Council Committee on Assessing the Nation’s Frame- work for Addressing Animal Diseases and Committee for Achieving Sustainable Global Capacity for Surveillance and Response to Emerging Diseases of Zoono- tic Origin. Dr. McElwain has a long record of research in veterinary infectious diseases, especially those of agricultural animals. He received his DVM from the College of Veterinary Medicine of Kansas State University and his PhD from Washington State University. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine. Nancy D. Connell is a professor in the Division of Infectious Disease of the Department of Medicine of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ) New Jersey Medical School. Dr. Connell’s major research focus is the interaction between respiratory infectious agents and the macro- phage. She is director of the biosafety level 3 facility of UMDNJ’s Center for the Study of Emerging and Re-emerging Pathogens and chairs the university’s Institutional Biosafety Committee. Dr. Connell is a past chair of the Center for Scientific Review Study Section at the National Institutes of Health that reviews bacterial-pathogenesis submissions to the National Institute of Allergy and In- fectious Diseases and of the study section that reviews fellowships in infectious diseases and microbiology. She now serves on study sections that focus on anti- 113

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114 CRITICAL LABORATORY NEEDS FOR ANIMAL AGRICULTURE bacterial drug discovery and innate immunity. Dr. Connell’s interest in biologi- cal-weapons research and policy issues began in the 1980s, when she chaired a subcommittee on biological weapons of the Council for Responsible Genetics. She has served on a number of committees of the National Research Council, including the Committee on Advances in Technology and the Prevention of Their Application to Next Generation Biowarfare Agents (2006), the Committee on Trends in Science and Technology Relevant to the Biological Weapons Con- vention: An International Workshop (Beijing, China [2011]), and the Committee on Review of the Scientific Approaches Used during the FBI’s Investigation of the 2001 Bacillus anthracis Mailings (2011). Dr. Connell received her PhD in microbiology from Harvard University. David Hennessy is a professor in the Department of Economics and the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, both at Iowa State University. His re- search program emphasizes risk management, food quality and the provision of safe food, animal disease economics, agricultural structure, and roles of infor- mation in farm-level production decisions. His program on animal disease deals with risks and biosecurity incentives. Issues addressed have included the role of feeder animal trade in determining the ambient level of an infectious disease, biosecurity choices in light of the dynamics of disease incidence, costly regula- tion in the face of scientific uncertainty, managing disease when infection exter- nalities arise, and how interdependent participation incentives can be used to ensure the success of voluntary livestock disease control programs. His teaching responsibilities concern commodity market analysis, business economics, agri- business management, demand and supply systems, and decision analysis. Be- fore joining the faculty at Iowa State University, Dr. Hennessy was on the fac- ulty at Washington State University. He is a Fellow of the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association and currently serves as an editor of the Ameri- can Journal of Agricultural Economics. Dr. Hennessy received his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in Agricultural Science from University College Dublin, and his PhD in Agricultural Economics from Iowa State University. Lonnie J. King is dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine and executive dean for the Health Science Colleges of Ohio State University. Previously, Dr. King was the director of the National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne, and Enteric Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Be- fore serving as director, he was the first chief of CDC’s Office of Strategy and Innovation. Dr. King served as the 11th dean of the Michigan State University College of Veterinary Medicine for 10 years. Before that, he was the administra- tor of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the US Department of Agriculture. He served as the country’s chief veterinary officer for 5 years and worked extensively in global trade agreements within the North American Free Trade Agreement and the World Trade Organization. He has served as president of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges and was the vice- chair of the National Commission on Veterinary Economic Issues. Dr. King

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APPENDIX A 115 received his BS and DVM from Ohio State University and his MS in epidemiol- ogy from the University of Minnesota; he also received an MPA from American University. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine. James W. Le Duc directs the Galveston National Laboratory of the University of Texas Medical Branch. He also serves as a professor in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology in the School of Medicine. Previously, he served as the coordinator for influenza for the Centers for Disease Control and Preven- tion (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia, and was the director of the Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases in the CDC National Center for Infectious Diseases (NCID). He began his professional career as a field biologist with the Smith- sonian Institution’s African Mammal Project in West Africa. He then served for 23 years as an officer in the US Army Medical Research and Development Command. He joined CDC in 1992, was assigned to the World Health Organiza- tion as a medical officer, and later became the associate director for global health at NCID. His research interests include the epidemiology of infectious diseases, global health, and international biosecurity. He is a member of various professional organizations, has published over 200 scientific articles and book chapters, and is an expert in viral diseases, biodefense, and global health. Dr. Le Duc earned his PhD and MSPH from the University of California, Los Angeles and his BS in zoology from California State University. N. James Maclachlan is a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Pa- thology, Microbiology and Immunology in the School of Veterinary Medicine of the University of California (UC) at Davis and Extraordinary Professor in the Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases Faculty of Veterinary Science of the University of Pretoria in the Republic of South Africa. Dr. Maclachlan is a diplomate and past president of the American College of Veterinary Patholo- gists, and he served for 10 years as inaugural chair of his home department at UC Davis. He studies viral diseases of livestock that affect international com- merce, including bluetongue, African horse sickness, and other emerging dis- eases, and he is author or coauthor of some 250 peer-reviewed publications, reviews, chapters, and books. Dr. Maclachlan has served as an expert adviser to numerous organizations, including the World Organisation for Animal Health, the US Department of Agriculture and Department of Homeland Security, and the European Union. Among other responsibilities, he chairs the United States Animal Health Association Committee on Bluetongue and Related Orbiviruses and serves as co-editor-in-chief of Comparative Immunology, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases. He received his BVSc from Massey University in New Zea- land, his MS in microbiology (virology) from the University of Missouri, and his PhD in comparative pathology from UC Davis.

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116 CRITICAL LABORATORY NEEDS FOR ANIMAL AGRICULTURE Bret D. Marsh serves as the Indiana state veterinarian. He is responsible for all statewide animal health programs and provides inspection services for the meat, poultry, and dairy products industries. He is also an adviser to the Indiana Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners. Dr. Marsh previously served as the special detail to the US Secretary of Agriculture’s Homeland Security Staff, represent- ing the views of the country’s state veterinarians on issues affecting the nation’s ability to preserve and protect its agricultural assets. He recently completed a 6- year term as the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) treasurer and also served in the AVMA House of Delegates for nearly a decade. In that time, he was twice elected to the House Advisory Committee and served on the Constitution and Bylaws Committee. Dr. Marsh is a past president of the Indiana Veterinary Medical Association (IVMA), the United States Animal Health As- sociation (USAHA), and the Purdue Veterinary Alumni Association. He has received the Distinguished Alumnus Award from both the Purdue College of Veterinary Medicine and the Purdue College of Agriculture. He has also re- ceived the AVMA President’s Award, the USAHA Medal of Distinction, and the IVMA President’s Award. He received his BS in animal sciences and his DVM from Purdue University. Mo Salman is a professor of veterinary epidemiology in the Animal Population Health Institute of Colorado State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. He holds appointments in the Department of Clinical Science and the Department of Environmental Health and Radiological Sci- ences. Dr. Salman’s educational background is in veterinary medicine, preven- tive veterinary medicine, and comparative pathology. He received his veterinary medical degree from the University of Baghdad, Iraq, and a master’s degree in preventive veterinary medicine and a PhD from the University of California at Davis. He is a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine and a fellow of the American College of Epidemiology. Dr. Salman is engaged in research and outreach projects in more than 15 countries. He partici- pated in the peer review of the European Union scientific review for the geo- graphic assessment for bovine spongiform encephalopathy and was elected to the European Food Safety Agency’s Panel for Animal Health and Welfare. He is the chairman of the Continuing Education Committee of the Association for Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine. He is the recipient of the 2007 American Veterinary Medical Association XII International Veterinary Congress Prize for his contributions to international understanding of veterinary medicine. In 2011, Dr. Salman was selected to serve a 4-year appointment on the Scientific Advisory Board of the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, the federal re- search institute for animal health in Germany, which is an independent research entity that focuses on the health of farm animals and protection of humans from zoonoses. Dr. Salman’s research interests are in methods of surveillance of ani- mal diseases with an emphasis on infectious diseases.

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APPENDIX A 117 Alfonso Torres is a professor in the College of Veterinary Medicine of Cornell University, where he also serves as associate dean for veterinary public policy. He coordinates international programs and academic initiatives in public health. Before his return to academe in 2002, he served in the US Department of Agri- culture (USDA) for 11 years, where he was involved in activities related to pro- tecting our nation against the incursion of foreign animal diseases. He was the director of the Plum Island Animal Disease Center before serving USDA as chief veterinary officer. During 2001, Dr. Torres worked closely with Secretary of Agriculture Veneman on efforts to prevent the entry of foot-and-mouth dis- ease (FMD) into the United States. He also served as the US delegate to the World Organisation for Animal Health in matters related to international stan- dards for the trade of animals and animal products. Those activities provided him with the opportunity to participate with other federal officials in interna- tional trade negotiations related to our import and export of animals and animal products. He was one of the lead participants at USDA in preparing a compre- hensive report to a Senate committee as part of the Animal Disease Risk As- sessment, Prevention, and Control Act of 2001 (PL 107-9), which was con- cerned with the plans of federal agencies to defend our country against FMD and bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Dr. Torres received his DVM from the National University of Colombia in Bogota, his MS in veterinary pathology and PhD in medical microbiology from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Christopher A. Wolf is a professor of agricultural, food, and resource econom- ics at Michigan State University (MSU). His research and outreach program focuses on farm management, markets, and policy. His recent work examines the economics of livestock and wildlife disease management and behavioral incentives provided to producers by current policies. Dr. Wolf was awarded the Excellence in Outreach Award by the MSU Department of Agriculture, Food, and Resource Economics in 2008. He is a member of the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association and was part of its Distinguished Extension Program- Group, 2000 in 2010. He was domain leader (2007–2009) of the Farm Business Management Section of DAIReXNET, a national, extension-driven Web re- source designed to meet the educational and decision-making needs of dairy producers, allied-industry partners, extension educators, and consumers. He re- ceived his BA from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and his PhD in agri- cultural and resource economics from the University of California at Davis.

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