1)   Disasters will continue to occur, whether natural or human-induced, in all parts of the country;

2)   The population will continue to grow and age as will the number and size of communities; in some regions population decline and the number and size of communities will create a different set of challenges as tax bases decline;

3)   Demographic data demonstrate that more people are moving to coastal and southern regions-areas with a high number of existing hazards such as droughts and hurricanes;

4)   Public infrastructure is currently aging beyond acceptable design limits;

5)   Infrastructure such as schools, public safety, and public health that are essential to communities are facing economically difficult times as the population grows and ages;

6)   Economic and social systems are becoming increasingly interdependent and thus increasingly vulnerable should a key part of the system be disrupted;

7)   Risk cannot be eliminated completely, so some residual risk will continue to exist and require management;

8)   Impacts of climate change and degradation of natural defenses such as coastal wetlands make the nation more vulnerable.

This report suggests some of the characteristics of a resilient nation in the year 2030. This future vision of characteristics that the United States might have in 2030 requires alternative kinds of decisions and investments that will lead to a more resilient nation:

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