BOX 6.4
Roles and Responsibilities of Sector-Specific Federal Agencies in Critical Infrastructure Protection

“18. Recognizing that each infrastructure sector possesses its own unique characteristics and operating models, there are designated Sector-Specific Agencies, including

a. Department of Agriculture—agriculture, food (meat, poultry, egg products);

b. Health and Human Services—public health, health care, and food (other than meat, poultry, egg products);

c. Environmental Protection Agency—drinking water and water treatment systems;

d. Department of Energy—energy, including the production refining, storage, and distribution of oil and gas, and electric power except for commercial nuclear power facilities;

e. Department of the Treasury—banking and finance;

f. Department of the Interior—national monuments and icons; and

g. Department of Defense—defense industrial base.

19. In accordance with guidance provided by the Secretary, Sector-Specific Agencies shall:

a. collaborate with all relevant Federal departments and agencies, State and local governments, and the private sector, including with key persons and entities in their infrastructure sector;

b. conduct or facilitate vulnerability assessments of the sector; and

c. encourage risk management strategies to protect against and mitigate the effects of attacks against critical infrastructure and key resources.”

Source: Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7: Critical Infrastructure Identification, Prioritization, and Protection, December 17, 2003.

Other types of federal policies may also strongly affect resilience in very broad ways. For example, evidence is growing that changing global climate is increasing the nation’s exposure to natural hazards through more frequent and severe storms, as well as more extensive droughts and increased vulnerability of our coastal regions through sea-level rise (NRC, 2012). Thus, one type of long-term federal policy goal to improve U.S. national resilience might include an energy policy that addresses carbon emissions and dependence on imported energy resources. Addressing carbon emissions could help mitigate climate change which otherwise may result in an increase in frequency and intensity of weather-related hazards and could help support a national effort to

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