(d) Establishment of processes for interagency coordination for data and resilience metrics;
(e) Establishment of incentives for increasing resilience; and (h)
(f) Conducting periodic reviews of federal agency progress toward increasing resilience (see Chapter 7 for details).
The committee established early in Chapter 1 a vision of some of the characteristics that might describe a “Resilient Nation in 2030.” Using the information contained in this report, we expand upon this vision of characteristics of a “Resilient Nation in 2030” as part of the platform from which the vision and strategy for a resilient nation could be developed with leadership from the federal government (Box 8.1). The findings and five recommendations that follow Box 8.1 frame key actions that can help guide the nation in advancing collective, resilience-enhancing efforts to fulfill the national resilience vision the committee recommends be established.
Characteristics of a Resilient Nation in 2030
The nation, from individuals to the highest levels of government, has embraced a “culture of resilience.” Information on risks to and vulnerability of individuals and communities is transparent and easily accessible to all. Proactive investments and policy decisions, including those for preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery, have reduced the loss of lives, costs, and socioeconomic impacts of disasters. Community coalitions are widely organized, recognized, and supported to provide essential services before and after disasters occur. Recovery after disasters is rapid and includes funding from private capital. The per-capita federal cost of responding to disasters has been declining for a decade.
Key elements of this culture of resilience include
• Individuals and communities realize that they provide their own first line of defense against disasters.
• National leadership in resilience is implemented by policy decisions, funding, and actions throughout all federal agencies and Congress.
• Federal, state, and regional investment in and support for community-led resilience efforts are pervasive.
• Site-specific information on risk is readily available, transparent, and effectively communicated. This information has triggered dialogue within communities regarding the risks they face and how best to actively prepare for and manage them.
• Based on risk information, zoning ordinances are enacted and enforced that protect critical functions and help communities reap the benefit of natural defenses to natural hazards (e.g., floodplains, coastal wetlands, sand dunes).