Table 3.1 Losses from Selected Weather-Related Hazards in the United States for 2010.

Databaseaa Loss ($ Billion) Deaths
Munich RE 13.6 197
NCDC Billion Dollar Events 6.8 46
SHELDUS 8.8 266
EM-DAT 9.15 90

aMunch RE = NatCatSERVICE (which includes total property loss, known insured property losses. and estimated insured business interruption losses: NCDC Billion Dollar Events ( reported total property and crop loss; SHELDUS = Spatial Hazard Events and Loss Database for the United States, maintained by the Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute at the University of South Carolina (, repotted total property and crop loss; EM-DAT = Emergency Events Database, maintained by die Centre for Research on die Epidemiology of Disasters. CRED (, estimated property and crop loss, loss of revenues). See Gall et al. 2009 for more details on the databases

BOX 3.4
Spatial Hazard Event and Loss Database for the United States (SHELDUS®)

SHELDUS is a county-level database for U.S. states of loss-causing natural hazards that spans the period from 1960 to the present. The database is maintained by the University of South Carolina’s Hazards & Vulnerability Research Institute. It reports only direct losses as defined by the federal source data it uses (e.g., National Climatic Data Center’s Storm Data; U.S. Geological Survey Open File Reports), and does not include Puerto Rico, Guam, or other U.S. territories. The historic Storm Data (1960-1995) used logarithmic categories for losses; for example, an event with a loss category 5 represents losses of $50,000-$500,000 in that database. SHELDUS uses the lower-bound value (e.g., $50,000), and as a result, the database is conservative and provides the minimum value of losses over the specified time period. Thus, losses are expected to be higher than those reported in the database, but how much higher is presently unknown.

The database is available online (, can be queried by individual hazard, by geography (state and county), by time period, by presidential disaster declarations number, by major named disasters (e.g., Hurricane Katrina, Blizzard of 1967), and by GLIDE number (an international standard numeric to enable linkages across databases). The database provides property losses (recorded in period dollars); crop losses (recorded in period dollars); injuries; fatalities; county, state, and federal Information Processing Standard codes; and beginning and ending dates for when the information was recorded. Losses can be converted to current dollars or standardized to any

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