BOX 1-1

Water-Related Programs and Activities at the U.S. Geological Survey

National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program: Long-term assessment of water-quality conditions and trends in river basins and groundwater systems nationwide.

National Streamflow Information Program (NSIP): Collection and dissemination of streamflow information that is essential for meeting federal hydrologic information needs.

Cooperative Water Program (Coop Program): Partnerships between USGS and more than 1,500 state, local, and tribal agencies to provide water resources information.

Toxic Substances Hydrology Program (Toxics Program): Field-based research to understand behavior of toxic substances in the nation’s hydrologic environments for development of strategies to clean up and protect water quality. Ground Water Resources Program: Groundwater data collection and the evaluation of controls on regional aquifer systems due to pumping and other stresses.

National Research Program (NRP): Conduct basic and problem-oriented hydrologic research in support of the USGS mission, including investigations of small watersheds (Water, Energy, Biogeochemical Budgets Program). Office of International Programs: Hydrologic data collection and analysis in support of the global hydrologic community.

Other Water Quality Activities: Analytical capabilities (National Water Quality Laboratory) and data from major rivers (National Stream Quality Accounting Network), from pristine watersheds (Hydrologic Benchmark Network), and from atmospheric deposition (National Atmospheric Deposition Program).

Hydrologic Instrumentation Facility: Instrument development, testing, calibration, and repair; technical support, training, and equipment supply to support hydrologic field activities

Dissemination of Water Resources Information: Physical and chemical data available through the web from the National Water Information System (NWIS);a web-based information by states or subjects.b

Climate Variability: Understanding the variations in hydrologic conditions due to atmospheric changes and human activities.

Priority Ecosystem Studies: Integrated investigations in large ecosystems of national interest that are impacted by human activity.

Water Institutes: Support of university-based Water Resources Research Institutes in 54 states and territories through grants.

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aSee http://water.usgs.gov/NWIS.

bSee http://water.usgs.gov.

SOURCE: Modified from NRC, 2009.



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