tality as cardiovascular disease became more manageable. The rise of 9.3 years in the United States between 1950 and 2006 was substantial, but most other countries in the world achieved more rapid improvements over the same period. Figure 3-1 compares trends in life expectancy for the United States (black line) and eight other large high-income countries (Australia,


FIGURE 3-1  Life expectancy at birth in selected countries, and alternative projections for the United States to 2050. SOURCES: United Nations (2011); Board of Trustees, Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Federal Disability Insurance Trust Funds (2011); Li and Lee (2005); and Technical Panel on Assumptions and Methods (2011).

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