Appendix B

Acronyms

ACA Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
ACO accountable care organization
AICU advanced intensive care unit
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
APHA American Public Health Association
ATA American Telemedicine Association
 
CMMI Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation
CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
CPT current procedural terminology
CT computed tomography
 
DHMH Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
DHSS Delaware Department of Health and Social Services
DICOM Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine
DoD U.S. Department of Defense
 
ECHO Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes
ED emergency department
ERS USDA’s Economic Research Service
 
FCC Federal Communications Commission
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
 
GAO U.S. Government Accountability Office


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Appendix B Acronyms ACA Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act ACO accountable care organization AICU advanced intensive care unit ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis APHA American Public Health Association ATA American Telemedicine Association CMMI Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services CPT current procedural terminology CT computed tomography DHMH Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene DHSS Delaware Department of Health and Social Services DICOM Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine DoD U.S. Department of Defense ECHO Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes ED emergency department ERS USDA's Economic Research Service FCC Federal Communications Commission FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration GAO U.S. Government Accountability Office 135

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136 THE ROLE OF TELEHEALTH HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services HITECH Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration ICCC Iowa Chronic Care Consortium ICU intensive care unit IHS Indian Health Service IOM Institute of Medicine IP Internet protocol IT information technology LVHN Lehigh Valley Health Network MedPAC Medicare Payment Advisory Commission mHealth mobile telehealth MMTC Minority Media and Telecommunications Council MRI magnetic resonance imaging NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NIH National Institutes of Health NOBEL National Organization of Black Elected Legislative (Women) NRHA National Rural Health Association OIG Office of Inspector General OMB Office of Management and Budget ONC Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT ORHP HRSA's Office of Rural Health Policy PACS picture archiving and communication system PCMH patient-centered medical home RCT randomized controlled trial RHCPP Rural Health Care Pilot Program RUCA rural-urban commuting area S&F store and forward STARPAHC Space Technology Applied to Rural Papago Advanced Health Care tPA tissue plasminogen activator

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APPENDIX B 137 USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture VA U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs VISN Veterans Integrated Service Network

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