FIGURE 4-1 Annual wage estimates for select occupations, May 2010.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Employment Statistics,

in the United States holding a STEM degree is 6 percent, it is only 2.7 percent among African-Americans and 2.2 percent for Latinos (Mervis, 2010).

Not all indicators on the flow of talent into the STEM pipeline are promising:

• While there has been only a slight decline since 1977 in the percent of high school graduates who go on to complete or enroll in a STEM field in college, the percentage of “talented” students (defined as the top quintile on the ACT or SAT) doing so peaked for the 1992/1997 cohort and fell by almost 50 percent for the 2000/2005 cohort, suggesting that these “talented” students are being attracted to degrees and careers other than STEM (Lowell et al., 2009).12

12 STEM includes the life and physical sciences, engineering, mathematics and information technology, and science and engineering technicians (and excludes the social sciences).

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