Appendix A

Committee on Sustainability
Linkages in the Federal Government

THOMAS GRAEDEL (NAE) (Chair) is the Clifton R. Musser Professor of Industrial Ecology, professor of chemical engineering, professor of geology and geophysics, and director of the Center for Industrial Ecology at Yale University. Previously, he was a distinguished member of the technical staff at AT&T Bell Laboratories. He has co-chaired the National Academies Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability since 2008. He is the author or coauthor of 15 books and more than 350 technical papers in various scientific journals. Dr. Graedel received his B.S. in chemical engineering from Washington State University in 1960, his M.A. in physics from Kent State University in 1964, and his M.S. and Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of Michigan in 1967 and 1969, respectively. He was elected to the U.S. National Academy of Engineering in 2002 for “outstanding contributions to the theory and practice of industrial ecology.”

ROBERT ANEX is a professor of biological systems engineering at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He received a B.S. and M.S. in mechanical engineering and a Ph.D. in environmental engineering from the University of California, Davis. He previously held faculty positions in the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering at Iowa State University (2003-2010) and the Science and Public Policy Program and the School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Oklahoma (1996-2003). Prior to his academic career, he was senior engineer and section head at Systems Control Technology, Inc., Palo Alto, California (1983-1991). He has served as a member of the EPA Board of Scientific Counselors, Science and Technology for Sustainability subcommittee. He served also on the National Research Council and National Academy of Sciences Committee on Science and Technology in Armenia. His research interests include assessing the environmental and economic performance of coupled human-natural systems, life cycle assessment, sustainability, and the impacts of biorenewable fuels and chemicals. He has served as an



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Appendix A Committee on Sustainability Linkages in the Federal Government THOMAS GRAEDEL (NAE) (Chair) is the Clifton R. Musser Professor of Industrial Ecology, professor of chemical engineering, professor of geology and geophysics, and director of the Center for Industrial Ecology at Yale University. Previously, he was a distinguished member of the technical staff at AT&T Bell Laboratories. He has co-chaired the National Academies Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability since 2008. He is the author or coauthor of 15 books and more than 350 technical papers in various scientific journals. Dr. Graedel received his B.S. in chemical engineering from Washington State Uni- versity in 1960, his M.A. in physics from Kent State University in 1964, and his M.S. and Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of Michigan in 1967 and 1969, respectively. He was elected to the U.S. National Academy of Engineer- ing in 2002 for “outstanding contributions to the theory and practice of industrial ecology.” ROBERT ANEX is a professor of biological systems engineering at the Uni- versity of Wisconsin, Madison. He received a B.S. and M.S. in mechanical en- gineering and a Ph.D. in environmental engineering from the University of Cali- fornia, Davis. He previously held faculty positions in the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering at Iowa State University (2003-2010) and the Science and Public Policy Program and the School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Oklahoma (1996-2003). Prior to his academic career, he was senior engineer and section head at Systems Control Technology, Inc., Palo Alto, California (1983-1991). He has served as a member of the EPA Board of Scientific Counselors, Science and Technology for Sus- tainability subcommittee. He served also on the National Research Council and National Academy of Sciences Committee on Science and Technology in Ar- menia. His research interests include assessing the environmental and economic performance of coupled human-natural systems, life cycle assessment, sustaina- bility, and the impacts of biorenewable fuels and chemicals. He has served as an 104

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Appendix A 105 associate editor for the International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Bio- technology for Biofuels, and he currently serves as associate editor for the Jour- nal of Industrial Ecology. WILLIAM F. CARROLL is currently vice president of industry issues for Occidental Chemical Corporation and also adjunct professor of Chemistry at Indiana University, Bloomington. Dr. Carroll is a past president (2005) of the American Chemical Society and a current member of its board of directors. He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, and chair or member of a number of committees for the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences. He is a member of advisory boards for DePauw University, Tulane University and is 2009 chair of the Council of Scientific Society Presidents. On behalf of OxyChem he has chaired numerous committees for industry associa- tions, including the American Chemistry Council. He has served on expert groups commissioned by the United Nations Environment Programme, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and three states, and most recently the Cali- fornia Green Ribbon Science Panel. He has received the Henry Hill Award from the ACS Division of Professional Relations, the Michael Shea Award from the ACS Division of Chemical Technicians, an Indiana University Distinguished Alumni Service Award, and the Vinyl Institute’s Roy T. Gottesman Leadership Award for lifetime achievement. He holds two patents and has over sixty publi- cations in the fields of organic electrochemistry, polymer chemistry, combustion chemistry, incineration and plastics recycling. He holds a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana. GLEN DAIGGER (NAE) is senior vice president and chief technology officer at CH2M HILL with responsibility for the technology function for the firm’s water businesses (water resources, water supply and treatment, wastewater). He is also the first technical fellow for the firm, an honor which recognizes the leadership that he provides for CH2M HILL and for the profession in the devel- opment and implementation of new wastewater treatment technology. Dr. Daig- ger has more than 30 years of experience in wastewater treatment plant evalua- tion, troubleshooting, and process design. His areas of expertise include biological wastewater treatment and treatment process design, in particular bio- logical nutrient removal (both nitrogen and phosphorus), combined trickling filter and activated sludge systems, the use of biological selectors to control ac- tivated sludge bulking, and oxygen transfer. Between 1994 and 1996 he served as professor and head of the Environmental Systems Engineering Department at Clemson University. Dr. Daigger is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, American Water Works Association, Association of Environmental Engineering, International Water Association, Water Environment, as well as numerous other professional societies. Dr. Daigger received his Ph.D. in envi- ronmental engineering, his master of science degree in environmental engineer- ing, and a bachelor of science degree in civil engineering all from Purdue Uni- versity.

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106 Sustainability for the Nation: Resource Connections & Governance Linkages PAULO FERRÃO is a professor at Instituto Superior Tecnico (IST) at the Technical University of Lisbon, where he is cofounder and current director of IN+, Center for Innovation, Technology and Policy Research. He is currently the national director of the MIT-Portugal Program, the major international partner- ship on science and technology in Portugal, in the field of engineering systems. He also coordinates the field of Sustainable Technologies and Environmental Systems of the Institute for Systems and Robotics (ISR). Dr. Ferrão developed his academic career at IST in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He has been a professor since 1985, when he joined as a trainee assistant in the Sys- tems Section of the Department; he became assistant professor in the Applied Thermodynamics Section in 1988, assistant professor in 1993, associate profes- sor in 2001, and full professor in 2010. His teaching activity spans disciplines such as thermodynamics; energy systems analysis; environment, energy and development policies. He currently teaches the disciplines of industrial ecology and energy and environment and has the responsibility for coordinating the group of subjects on “Planning and Sustainable Development” in the scientific area of “Environment and Energy.” Dr. Ferrão received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering (1993) and his master in energy transfer and conversion (1998) from IST. HOWARD FRUMKIN is dean of the University of Washington School of Pub- lic Health. From 2005 to 2010, he was at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, first as director of the National Center for Environmental Health and Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (NCEH/ATSDR), and later as special assistant to the director for climate change and health. Before joining CDC he was professor and chair of the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health at Emory University's Rollins School of Public Health and professor of medicine at Emory Medical School. Dr. Frumkin previously served on the board of directors of Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR), where he cochaired the Environment Committee; as president of the Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC); as chair of the Science Board of the American Public Health Association (APHA), and on the National Toxicology Program Board of Scientific Counselors. As a member of EPA’s Children’s Health Protection Advisory Committee, he chaired the Smart Growth and Climate Change work groups. He is the author or coauthor of over 180 sci- entific journal articles and chapters. Dr. Frumkin received his A.B. from Brown University, his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, his M.P.H. and Dr.P.H. from Harvard, his internal medicine training at the Hospital of the Uni- versity of Pennsylvania and Cambridge Hospital, and his occupational medicine training at Harvard. He is board-certified in both internal medicine and occupa- tional medicine and is a fellow of the American College of Physicians, the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Collegium Ramazzini, and the Faculty of Occupational Medicine of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland.

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Appendix A 107 SALLY KATZEN served as administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs in the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) (’93-’98), and then as deputy director of the National Economic Council in the White House (’98-’99), and deputy director for management at OMB (‘2000-’01) in the Clinton administration. She is currently a visiting professor at the New York University School of Law, having previously taught at the University of Michi- gan Law School, George Mason University Law School, George Washington University School of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law School, Smith Col- lege, Johns Hopkins University, and the University of Michigan in Washington Program. She is also currently a senior advisor at the Podesta Group in Wash- ington, DC. Before her government service, she was a partner in the Washington D.C. law firm of Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering, specializing in regulatory and legislative matters. She graduated magna cum laude from Smith College and magna cum laude from the University of Michigan Law School, where she was editor in chief of the Law Review. While in private practice, she served in vari- ous leadership roles in the American Bar Association, including chair of the Section on Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice and two terms as D.C. Delegate to the House of Delegates of the ABA, served as president of the Fed- eral Communications Bar Association, and was president of the Women’s Legal Defense Fund. Following graduation from law school, she clerked for Judge J. Skelly Wright of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. She also served in the Carter administration for two years as the general counsel of the Council on Wage and Price Stability in the Executive Office of the President. ANNA PALMISANO recently retired from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), where she served as associate director of science for biological and envi- ronmental research. At DOE, she was responsible for an annual budget of $600 million supporting basic research in bioenergy, systems biology and genomics, and climate and environment science. She also has served as the deputy admin- istrator for competitive programs in U.S. Department of Agriculture, where she led the National Research Initiative. Previously, she was a program manager in the Office of Biological and Environmental Research, where she developed and managed research programs in bioremediation, carbon cycling, and genomics. Dr. Palmisano has also served as a program manager and acting division director for biomolecular and biosystems sciences and technology in the Office of Naval Research. She cochaired the U.S.-European Commission Working Group for Environmental Biotechnology from 1995 to 2010 and led the Interagency Mi- crobe Project from 2004-2006. Dr. Palmisano received a B.S. degree in Micro- biology from the University of Maryland and the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in bi- ology from the University of Southern California. She was an Allan Hancock Fellow at the University of Southern California and a National Research Council Fellow in planetary biology at NASA-Ames Research Center. She currently works as a science and technology consultant in biotechnology and bioenergy, agriculture and environment, and competitive grantsmanship.

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108 Sustainability for the Nation: Resource Connections & Governance Linkages STEPHEN POLASKY (NAS) is the Fesler-Lampert Professor of Ecologi- cal/Environmental Economics at University of Minnesota. He received a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan in 1986. He previously held fac- ulty positions in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics at Oregon State University (1993-1999) and the Department of Economics at Bos- ton College (1986-1993). Dr. Polasky was the senior staff economist for envi- ronment and resources for the President’s Council of Economic Advisers 1998- 1999. He was elected into the National Academy of Sciences in 2010. He was elected as a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2009 and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2007. His research interests include ecosystem services, natural capital, biodiversity conservation, sustainability, integrating ecological and economic analysis, re- newable energy, environmental regulation, and common property resources. He has served as coeditor and associate editor for the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, as associate editor for International Journal of Business and Economics, and is currently serving as an associate editor for Con- servation Letters, Ecology and Society and Ecology Letters, and on the Editorial Board of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. LYNN SCARLETT is currently codirector of the Center for Management of Ecological Wealth, Resources for the Future, in Washington, D.C., and an envi- ronmental analyst focusing on climate change adaptation, environmental risk management, green business and infrastructure, energy and water issues, land- scape-scale conservation, and science and decision making. In 2009, she was a distinguished visiting lecturer on climate change at the University of California Bren School of Environmental Science and Management. From 2005 to 2009 she was deputy secretary at the Department of the Interior where she chaired the department's Climate Change Task Force. Previously, Dr. Scarlett served four years as the department’s assistant secretary for policy, management, and budg- et. She is a former president of the Reason Foundation and director for 15 years of the Reason Public Policy Institute, where she focused on environmental, land use, and natural resources issues. She is a former president of Executive Women in Government and was chair of the federal Wildland Fire Leadership Council. She also serves on the boards of the American Hiking Society, the National Wildlife Refuge Association, the National Parks Conservation Association, the Consensus Building Institute, and RESOLVE (nonprofit environmental dispute resolution), and is a trustee emeritus of the Udall Foundation. She received her B.A. and M.A. in political science from the University of California, Santa Bar- bara, where she also completed her Ph.D. coursework and exams in political science. ROBERT STEPHENS founded and has served as president of the Multi-State Working Group on Environmental Performance (MSWG), a national coalition of representatives from government, business, nongovernmental organizations, and academic institutions in the U.S. working on transformative policies relating

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Appendix A 109 to the environment and sustainable development. Via his continued involvement with the MSWG, Dr. Stephens serves as the secretariat to the Best Practice Net- work for Sustainable Development (BPN) for the United Nations Environment Program, Division of Technology, Industry, and Economics. Dr. Stephens re- tired in July 2004 from the California EPA after 30 years of service, most re- cently as assistant secretary for environmental management and sustainability. In this position, Dr. Stephens was responsible for the development and imple- mentation of programs leading to environmental policy innovation and sustaina- bility in California. Over his career, Dr. Stephens also served as deputy director of the Department of Toxic Substances Control for Science, Pollution Preven- tion, and Technology and Chief of the Hazardous Materials Laboratory for the state of California. Dr. Stephens is the primary and/or coauthor of some 60 arti- cles and book chapters on topics ranging from basic environmental science and risk assessment to public policy related to the environment and sustainability. Dr. Stephens holds a Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of California and has held prior positions in industry and academia. DEBORAH SWACKHAMER is professor and Charles M. Denny Jr., Chair in Science, Technology, and Public Policy in the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota, and codirector of the University’s Water Resources Center. She also is professor in environmental health sciences in the School of Public Health. She received a B.A. in chemistry from Grinnell College and an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in water chemistry and limnology & oceanography, respectively. After two years of postdoctoral research in chemistry and public & environmental affairs at In- diana University, she joined the Minnesota faculty in 1987. Dr. Swackhamer currently serves as chair of the chartered Science Advisory Board of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and on the Science Advisory Board of the International Joint Commission of the U.S. and Canada. She currently serves on the National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences committee re- viewing the USGS National Assessment of Water Quality Program. She is ap- pointed by Governor Pawlenty to serve on the Minnesota Clean Water Council. She is a fellow in the Royal Society of Chemistry in the UK. LAUREN ZEISE is chief of the Reproductive and Cancer Hazard Assessment Branch of the California Environmental Protection Agency. She oversees or is otherwise involved in a variety of California's risk assessment activities, includ- ing cancer and reproductive toxicant assessments; development of frameworks and methodologies for assessing cumulative impact, nanotechnology, green chemistry and safer alternatives, and susceptible populations; the California En- vironmental Contaminant Biomonitoring Program; and health risk characteriza- tions for environmental media, food, fuels, and consumer products. Dr. Zeise’s research focuses on human interindividual variability, dose response, uncertain- ty, and risk. She was the 2008 recipient of the Society of Risk Analysis’s Out- standing Practitioners Award and is a national associate of the NRC. She has

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110 Sustainability for the Nation: Resource Connections & Governance Linkages served on various advisory boards and committees of EPA, Office of Technolo- gy Assessment, the World Health Organization, and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. She has also served on numerous NRC and Institute of Medicine committees and boards, including the committees that pro- duced Toxicity Testing in the 21st Century: A Vision and Strategy; Science and Decisions: Advancing Risk Assessment; and Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society. Dr. Zeise received her Ph.D. from Harvard University.