FIGURE 2-1 International conference collaboration networks. Data compiled from the following conferences: ASPLOS, HPCA, ISCA and MICRO (architecture); ECOOP, OOPSLA, PLDI, POPL, and PPoPP (programming systems); SC, SIGGRAPH, VLDB, and WWW (applications); and IEDM and ISSCC (semiconductor devices and circuits). Collaboration maps were generated using the Science of Science (Sci2) Tool available at http://sci2.cns.iu.edu.
The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
2 The Global Research Landscape ."
The New Global Ecosystem in Advanced Computing: Implications for U.S. Competitiveness and National Security . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
Please select a format:
As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.