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A Committee Member Biographies D ANIEL REED is Vice President for Research and Economic Development at the University of Iowa, where he holds the University Computational Science and Bioinformatics Chair, with joint appointments in Computer Science, Electrical and and Jane Marr Gutgsell Professorship. He has also been director of the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at UIUC, where he also led the National Computational Science Alliance, a 50- institution partnership devoted to creating the next Computing Engineering and Medicine. Previously, he generation of computational science tools. He was also was Microsoft's corporate vice president for technology one of the principal investigators and chief architect for policy. Prior to that, he was Chancellor's Eminent the National Science Foundation (NSF) TeraGrid. He Professor at the University of North Carolina (UNC) at received his B.S. from Missouri University of Science Chapel Hill, as well as the director of the Renaissance and Technology and his M.S. and Ph.D. in computer Computing Institute (RENCI) and the Chancellor's science in 1983 from Purdue University. He is a fellow Senior Advisor for Strategy and Innovation for UNC of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), the Chapel Hill. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Dr. Reed has served as a member of the U.S. and the American Association for the Advancement of President's Council of Advisors on Science and Science (AAAS). Technology (PCAST) and as a member of the President's Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC). As chair of PITAC's CONG CAO is one of the leading scholars in the computational science subcommittee, he was lead author study of science, technology, and innovation in China. of the report Computational Science: Ensuring He is currently an associate professor and reader at the America's Competitiveness. On PCAST, he cochaired School of Contemporary Chinese Studies, University of the Subcommittee on Networking and Information Nottingham. Having studied in both China and the Technology (with George Scalise of the Semiconductor United States and in both natural and social science, he Industry Association) and coauthored a report on the received his Ph.D. in sociology from Columbia National Coordination Office's Networking and University in 1997 and has worked at the University of Information Technology Research and Development Oregon, the National University of Singapore, and the (NITRD) Program called Leadership Under Challenge: State University of New York. Information Technology R&D in a Competitive World. Dr. Cao is interested in the social studies of science In June 2009 he completed two terms of service as chair and technology with a focus on China. He is the author of the board of directors of the Computing Research of China's Scientific Elite (London and New York: Association, which represents the research interests of RoutledgeCurzon, 2004), a study of the Chinese Ph.D.-granting university departments, industrial scientists holding honorific membership in the Chinese research groups and national laboratories. Academy of Sciences, and China's Emerging He was previously head of the Department of Technological Edge: Assessing the Role of High-End Computer Science at the University of Illinois at Urbana- Talent (with Denis Fred Simon, Cambridge and New Champaign (UIUC), where the held the Edward William York: Cambridge University Press, 2009). His journal 57

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58 THE GLOBAL ECOSYSTEM IN ADVANCED COMPUTING publications have appeared in Science, China Quarterly, the chief architect for the Intel386 microprocessor. He Asian Survey, and Minerva, among others. was responsible for defining the company's 32-bit architectural extensions to the already successful 8086/186/286 16-bit product line. In this capacity, he set TAI MING CHEUNG is an associate research the architectural direction and later participated in the scientist at the University of California Institute on design of the processor by leading the microprogram Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC) located at the development and test program generation. Mr. Crawford University of California, San Diego (UCSD), in La Jolla. made similar contributions as chief architect of the He directs the Minerva program on Chinese security and Intel486 processor. He comanaged the design of the technology, a multiyear academic research and training Pentium processor from inception through a successful project funded by the U.S. Defense Department to product launch in 1993. Mr. Crawford headed the joint explore China's technological potential. His architecture research with Hewlett-Packard that responsibilities include managing the institute's Track II developed the Itanium family architecture, Intel's 64-bit Program: the Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue, Enterprise product line. He has been involved with the which brings together senior foreign ministry and Itanium family of products since its inception in 1994. In defense officials as well as academics from the United 1995, he received the ACM/IEEE Eckert-Mauchly States, China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, and Award for contributions to computer and digital systems Russia for informed discussions on regional security architecture, and in June 1997 he received the IEEE issues. Ernst Weber Engineering Leadership Recognition. Mr Dr. Cheung is also an associate adjunct professor at Crawford was elected to the National Academy of UCSD's Graduate School of International Relations and Engineering in 2002. Pacific Studies (IR/PS), where he teaches courses on Mr. Crawford received a bachelor's degree in Asian security, Chinese security and technology, and computer science from Brown University in 1975, and a Chinese politics. master's degree in computer science from the University Dr. Cheung is a long-time analyst of Chinese and of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1977. He holds 23 East Asian defense and national security affairs, patents. especially defense economic, industrial, and science and technological issues. His latest book, Fortifying China: The Struggle to Build a Modern Defense Economy, was DIETER ERNST (senior East-West Center fellow published by Cornell University Press in 2009. The book at the full professional level) is an authority on global examines the economic, commercial, and technological production networks and research and development foundations of China's long-term defense modernization (R&D) internationalization in high-tech industries and that examines the development of the defense industrial on industrial and innovation policies in China, the United complex, the role and prospects for civilian-military States and emerging economies, with a focus on integration, and the military dimensions of science and standards and intellectual property rights. Earlier technology policies. He was based in Northeast Asia positions include senior advisor to the Organization for (Hong Kong, China, and Japan) from the mid-1980s to Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 2002 covering political, economic, and strategic Paris; research director of the Berkeley Roundtable on developments in Greater China and East Asia as a the International Economy (BRIE) at the University of journalist for the Far Eastern Economic Review from California, Berkeley; and professor of international 19881993 and subsequently as a political and business business at the Copenhagen Business School. risk consultant for a number of companies, including Dr. Ernst has cochaired an advisory committee of PricewaterhouseCoopers. Dr. Cheung received his Ph.D. the U.S. Social Science Research Council to develop a in war studies from King's College London in 2007. program on innovation, business institutions and governance in Asia. He has served as scientific advisor to governments, private companies, and international JOHN CRAWFORD is an Intel fellow, Digital institutions, such as World Bank, the Organization of Enterprise Group, and sets the architectural direction for Economic Cooperation and Development, the UN emerging power and reliability technologies for future Conference on Trade and Development and the UN Intel processor server platforms. When Crawford joined Industrial Development Organization. In the United Intel as a new college graduate in 1977, he worked as a Sates, Dr. Ernst has served as advisor to the National software engineer developing software tools for Intel's Science Foundation, Social Science Research Council, 8086 processor including the code-generation phase of U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, Intel's Pascal compiler for the 8086. In 1982 he became Council on Foreign Relations, the National Bureau for

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COMMITTEE MEMBER BIOGRAPHIES 59 Asian Research, U.S. Department of Commerce, the Career in 2010, Vilas Associate in 2006, and Romnes Deloitte Center for the Edge, and the Frontier Strategy Faculty Fellowship in 1997. He co-edited Readings in Group. Computer Architecture in 2000, is coinventor of more Relevant publications include Indigenous Innovation than 30 U.S. patents (several of which have been and Globalization: The Challenge for China's coissued in the European Union and Japan), was an Standardization Strategy (2011) [now published in ACM SIGARCH director (19932007), and won a Chinese]; China's Innovation Policy Is a Wake-Up Call National Science Foundation Presidential Young for America (2011); A New Geography of Knowledge in Investigator award in 1989. He is coauthor of five papers the Electronics Industry? Asia's Role in Global selected by IEEE Micro Top Picks and co-won the best Innovation Networks (2009); Can Chinese IT Firms paper award at the International Conference on Very Develop Innovative Capabilities within Global Large Databases (VLDB) in 2001. He has held visiting Knowledge Networks? (2008); China's Emerging positions at Advanced Micro Devices (2011), University Industrial Economy-Insights from the IT Industry (with of Washington (2011), Columbia University (2010), Barry Naughton) (2007); Innovation Offshoring-Asia's Polytechnic University of Catalonia (20022003) and Emerging Role in Global Innovation Networks (2006); Sun Microsystems (19951996). Dr. Hill earned a Ph.D. "Complexity and Internationalization of Innovation: in computer science from the University of California, Why is Chip Design Moving to Asia?", International Berkeley, in 1987, an M.S. in computer science from UC Journal of Innovation Management, 2005; "Limits to Berkeley in 1983, and a B.S.E. in computer engineering Modularity: Reflections on Recent Developments in from the University of MichiganAnn Arbor in 1981. Chip Design", Industry and Innovation, 2005; International Production Networks in Asia: Rivalry or Riches? (2000); and Technological Capabilities and STEPHEN W. KECKLER is the senior director of Export Success: Lessons from East Asia (1998). architecture research at NVIDIA and professor of both computer science and electrical and computer engineering at the University of Texas (UT) at Austin, MARK D. HILL is a professor of computer science where he has served on the faculty since 1998. His and electrical and computer engineering at the University research interests include parallel computer architecture, of WisconsinMadison. Dr. Hill's research targets technology-scalable architectures, very-large-scale computer design and evaluation. He has made integration (VLSI) design, high-performance computing, contributions to parallel computer system design (e.g., energy-efficient computing, and on-chip interconnection memory-consistency models and cache coherence), networks. He has developed both commercial chips at memory-system design (caches and translation buffers), Intel and parallel computing prototype chips at MIT and computer simulation (parallel systems and memory UT Austin. At MIT, he was the principal architect of the systems), software (e.g., page tables and cache-conscious M-Machine multicomputer, a research machine that was optimizations for databases and pointer-based codes), one of the first multicore processors and included and transactional memory. For example, he is the extremely efficient inter-thread communication and inventor of the widely used 3C model of cache behavior synchronization mechanisms. His research team at UT (compulsory, capacity, and conflict misses). Austin developed scalable parallel processor and Dr. Hill's current research is mostly part of the memory system architectures, including nonuniform Wisconsin Multifacet Project that seeks to improve the cache architectures; explicit data graph execution multiprocessor servers that form the computational processors, which merge dataflow execution with infrastructure for Internet Web servers, databases, and sequential memory semantics; and micro-interconnection other demanding applications. The Multifacet work networks to implement distributed processor protocols. focuses on using the transistor bounty provided by His research team at NVIDIA is developing extreme Moore's Law to improve multiprocessor performance, energy-efficient computing technologies for massively cost, and fault tolerance, while also making these parallel chips and systems. systems easier to design and program. Dr. Keckler was named fellow of the ACM (2011) Dr. Hill was named an ACM fellow (2004) for for contributions to computer architectures and contributions to memory consistency models and technology modeling, and was elevated to a fellow of the memory system design, elevated to a fellow of the IEEE IEEE for contributions to computer architectures and (2000) for contributions to cache memory design and memory systems. He received the 2003 ACM Grace analysis, and was awarded the ACM SIGARCH Murray Hopper Award for ground-breaking analysis of Distinguished Service Award in 2009. He has won three technology scaling for high-performance processors that important University of Wisconsin awards: Kellett Mid- sheds new light on the methods required to maintain

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60 THE GLOBAL ECOSYSTEM IN ADVANCED COMPUTING performance improvement trends in computer computing machines and theories of encryption, architecture, and on the design implications for future encoding, and signal recovery. His contributions to high-performance processors and systems. He won an human-computer interaction design earned him the NSF CAREER award (2000), was selected as an Alfred distinction of senior fellow at the Royal College of Art. P. Sloan research fellow (2002), won the Edith and Peter O'Donnell Award for Engineering (2010), and won six IBM Faculty Partnership awards. Dr. Keckler is coauthor KATHRYN MCKINLEY is principal researcher at of four papers selected by IEEE Micro Top Picks and co- Microsoft Research and holds an Endowed Professorship won best paper awards at the 2009 International of Computer Science at the University of Texas at Symposium on Architectural Support for Programming Austin. She previously was a professor at the University Languages and Operating Systems (ASPLOS) and the of Massachusetts, Amherst. 2011 International Symposium on Performance Analysis Dr. McKinley's research interests include of Systems and Software (ISPASS). He has also won top programming language implementation, compilers, teaching awards at the University of Texas at Austin, memory management, runtime systems, security, including the College of Natural Sciences Teaching reliability, and architecture. Her research group has Excellence Award (2001) and the President's Associates produced numerous tools, algorithms, and methodologies Teaching Excellence Award (2007). Dr. Keckler also that are in wide research and industrial use, such as the served as a member of the Defense Science Study DaCapo Java Benchmarks, the TRIPS compiler, the Group, sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Hoard memory manager, the Memory Management Projects Agency (DARPA), (20082009). Dr. Keckler Toolkit (MMTk), and the Immix mark-region garbage earned a B.S. in electrical engineering from Stanford collector. For example, the Apple operating system uses University (1990), and an M.S. (1992) and a Ph.D. the Hoard memory management algorithm, the TRIPS (1998) in computer science from the Massachusetts compiler was the first demonstration of a compiling Institute of Technology. general-purpose programming language to execute on a dataflow architecture, and the DaCapo Benchmarks are the most widely used Java benchmarks for performance DAVID LIDDLE has been a partner at U.S. and verification in both research and testing. Venture Partners, a Silicon Valleybased venture capital Dr. McKinley was named an ACM fellow (2008) for firm, since 2000. He cofounded, and between 1992 and contributions to compilers and memory management and 1999, he served as president and CEO of, Interval an IEEE fellow (2011) for contributions to compiler Research Corporation, a Silicon Valleybased laboratory technologies. She was awarded the 2011 ACM and incubator for new businesses focusing on broadband, SIGPLAN Distinguished Service Award. She has served consumer devices, interaction design, and advanced as the technical program chair for ASPLOS, PACT, technologies. Prior to cofounding Interval with Paul PLDI, ISMM, and CGO (ACM and IEEE conferences). Allen, Dr. Liddle founded Metaphor, which was She was coeditor-in-chief of ACM's Transactions on acquired by IBM in 1991, which named him vice Programming Language Systems (or TOPLAS) (2007 president of business development for IBM Personal 2010). She was a Computer Research Association's Systems. Dr. Liddle's extensive experience in research Committee on the Status of Women in Computer and development has focused largely on human- Science (CRA-W) board member (20092011) and is computer interactions and includes 10 years at Xerox currently a cochair of CRA-W (2011present), which Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), from 1972 to 1982. seeks to improve the participation of women in He has been a director of Sybase, Broderbund Software, computing research nationwide. Her research awards Borland International, and Ticketmaster, and is currently include two CACM Research Highlights Invited Papers on the board of the New York Times Company. His (2012, 2008), IEEE Micro Top Picks (2012), Best Paper board involvement at U.S. Venture Partners includes at ASPLOS (2009), David Bruton Jr. Centennial Electric Cloud, Instantis, Klocwork, MaxLinear, and Fellowship (20052006), six IBM Faculty Fellowship Optichron. Dr. Liddle has served on the DARPA Awards (20032008), and an NSF CAREER Award Information Science and Technology Committee, and as (19962000). She is a recipient of the 2011 ACM chair of the National Academy of Sciences Computer SIGPLAN Software Award. Dr. McKinley has graduated Science and Telecommunications Board. fourteen Ph.D. students. She received a B.A., M.S., and Dr. Liddle earned a B.S. in electrical engineering at Ph.D. from Rice University. the University of Michigan and a Ph.D. in electrical and engineering and computer science at the University of Toledo, where his dissertation focused on reconfigurable