I


China’s Medium- and Long-Term Plan

Table I-1 Key Areas, Technologies, and Programs Identified in China’s Medium- and Long-Term Plan for Development of Science and Technology

  Key Areas (11):

  • Agriculture

  • Energy

  • Environment

  • Information technology industry and modern services

  • Manufacturing

  • National defense

  • Population and health

  • Public securities

  • Transportation

  • Urbanization and urban development

  • Water and mineral resources

  Frontier Technologies (8):

  • Advanced energy

  • Advanced manufacturing

  • Aerospace and aeronautics

  • Biotechnology

  • Information

  • Laser

  • New materials

  • Ocean

  Engineering Megaprojects* (16):

  • Advanced numeric-controlled machinery and basic manufacturing technology

  • Control and treatment of AIDS, hepatitis, and other major diseases

  • Core electronic components, high-end generic chips, and basic software

  • Drug innovation and development

  • Extra- large-scale integrated circuit manufacturing and technique

  • Genetically modified new-organism variety breeding

  • High-definition Earth observation systems

  • Large advanced nuclear reactors

  • Large aircraft

  • Large-scale oil and gas exploration

  • Manned aerospace and Moon exploration

  • New-generation broadband wireless mobile telecommunications

  • Water pollution control and treatment

  Science Megaprojects (4):

  • Development and reproductive biology

  • Nanotechnology

  • Protein science

  • Quantum research

  * The MLP only marks 13 megaengineering programs. The rest are presumably military-related programs.

Adapted from C. Cao et al., 2006, China’s 15-year science and technology plan, Physics Today, p. 38.



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I China's Medium- and Long-Term Plan Table I-1 Key Areas, Technologies, and Programs Identified in China's Medium- and Long-Term Plan for Development of Science and Technology Key Areas (11): Frontier Technologies (8): Agriculture Advanced energy Energy Advanced manufacturing Environment Aerospace and aeronautics Information technology industry and modern services Biotechnology Manufacturing Information National defense Laser Population and health New materials Public securities Ocean Transportation Urbanization and urban development Water and mineral resources Engineering Megaprojects* (16): Science Megaprojects (4): Advanced numeric-controlled machinery and basic manufacturing Development and technology reproductive biology Control and treatment of AIDS, hepatitis, and other major diseases Nanotechnology Core electronic components, high-end generic chips, and basic software Protein science Drug innovation and development Quantum research Extra- large-scale integrated circuit manufacturing and technique Genetically modified new-organism variety breeding High-definition Earth observation systems Large advanced nuclear reactors Large aircraft Large-scale oil and gas exploration Manned aerospace and Moon exploration New-generation broadband wireless mobile telecommunications Water pollution control and treatment * The MLP only marks 13 megaengineering programs. The rest are presumably military-related programs. Adapted from C. Cao et al., 2006, China's 15-year science and technology plan, Physics Today, p. 38. 99

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