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Appendix D Examples of Federal Agency Procurement Systems and Green Purchasing Programs Procurement System Description Department of Agriculture Integrated Acquisition IAS is a Web-based eProcurement system designed System (IAS)1 to streamline and automate contract management and acquisition processes throughout USDA. USDA Advantage, part of IAS e-alliance initiative, was formed as a partnership between USDA and GSA to better leverage USDA spending power to obtain better pricing, ordering methods, and delivery terms for commonly acquired items and services. USDA Purchase Card PCMS is a customized, Web-based online relational Management System database used to manage purchases made with (PCMS)2 government-wide commercial purchase cards, convenience checks, or fleet cards issued by an authorized GSA contractor. USDA BioPreferred The USDA BioPreferred program promotes the increased program3 purchase and use of biobased products, which is expected to reduce petroleum consumption, increase the use of renewable resources, better manage the carbon cycle, and may contribute to reducing adverse environmental and health impacts. 55
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56 SUSTAINABLE PROCUREMENT CONSIDERATIONS Procurement System Description Department of Defense EMALL4 DOD DOD EMALL is an Internet-based mall that allows military and other authorized government customers to procure items from government and commercial sources. DOD EMALL is a Department of Defense program operated by the Defense Logistics Information Service. DoD Standard The SPS program was created to standardize the Procurement System procurement process throughout DOD by developing, (SPS)5 testing, and deploying a suite of software products for use by contracting professionals in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, and other defense agencies. Defense Acquisition The Defense Acquisition System is the management System6 process that guides all DOD acquisition programs, provides the policies and principles, and establishes the management framework that implements these policies and principles. Department of Energy Federal Energy The DOE Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) Management Program7 supports federal agencies in identifying energy- and water-efficient products that meet federal acquisition requirements (FAR), conserve energy, save taxpayer dollars, and reduce environmental impacts. This is achieved through technical assistance, guidance, and efficiency requirements for energy-efficient, water- efficient, and low standby power products. ENERGy STAR (Joint ENERGy STAR, a joint DOE and EPA program, delivers program with EPA)8 technical information and tools that organizations and consumers use to select energy-efficient solutions and best management practices. This program encourages and assists governments, schools, and businesses in procuring ENERGy STAR qualified and FEMP designated products. Strategic Integrated The Strategic Integrated Procurement Enterprise System Procurement Enterprise (STRIPES) is the procurement and contracts management System (STRIPES)9 component of the DOE’s Integrated Management Navigation System program and encompasses both acquisition and financial assistance. The STRIPES project reduced the number of procurement-related systems across the department.
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57 APPENDIX D Procurement System Description Environmental Protection Agency EPA’s WaterSense WaterSense is a partnership program by the U.S. Program10 Environmental Protection Agency that aims to protect the nation’s water supply by offering people a simple way to use less water with water-efficient products, new homes, and services. The goal is to provide consumers with a label for products and an information resource to help people use water more efficiently; encourage innovation in manufacturing; and decrease water use and reduce strain on water resources and infrastructure. Products and services with the WaterSense label have been certified to be at least 20 percent more efficient without sacrificing performance. Comprehensive The CPG program is a continuing effort to promote the Procurement Guideline use of materials recovered from solid waste. The CPG (CPG)11 program is authorized by Congress under section 6002 of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and EPA is required to designate products that are or can be made with recovered materials and to recommend practices for buying these products. Procuring agencies are then required to purchase designated products with the highest recovered material content level practicable. Recovered Materials Advisory Notices provide purchasing guidance and recommend recovered and postconsumer material content levels for designated items. Environmentally The EPP is a database to facilitate the purchase of Preferable Products products and services with reduced environmental (EPP)12 impacts by providing information on mandatory purchase programs contained in FAR Part 23 (Energy Star, CPG, and Biopreferred Products). Significant New SNAP is EPA’s program to evaluate and regulate Alternatives Policy substitutes for the ozone-depleting chemicals that (SNAP)13 are being phased out under the stratospheric ozone protection provisions of the Clean Air Act (CAA). General Services Administration Advantage14 GSA The GSA Advantage is a one-stop online resource to help agencies better serve the public by meeting their needs for products and services, and to simplify access to information.
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58 SUSTAINABLE PROCUREMENT CONSIDERATIONS Procurement System Description E-Buy15 GSA’s E-Buy is an online procurement tool that allows buyers to issue requests for quotations for products and services offered on GSA multiple award schedules. E-Buy is designed to be complementary to GSA Advantage and is available for use by federal buyers. GSA Global Supply16 GSA Global Supply’s online ordering site that has access to approximately 400,000 tools, office supplies, computers, and other supplies. Green Products Green Products Compilation (GPC) is designed to Compilation17 facilitate the procurement of green/sustainable products and services. The products listed are those for which the EPA, DOE, and USDA issued designations or guidance for environmental or energy attributes. National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Acquisition Internet NAIS is an online service that grants industry immediate Service (NAIS)18 access to current acquisition information. NAIS is a feeder system for federal E-Gov systems like the Federal Business Opportunities (FBO). NAIS provides industry links to refer- ence information such as regulations, clauses, provisions, handbooks, and guidance documents. NAIS also provides industry a central location to find each NASA field center’s procurement home page. Additionally, NAIS provides NASA procurement professionals with a suite of procure- ment tools for internal use. Recycling and Sustainable NASA’s Lead Center for Recycling and Sustainable Acquisi- Acquisition (RSA)19 tion (RSA) provides technical resources and program sup- port for NASA Headquarters Environmental Management Division. National Institutes of Health NIH Green Purchasing The NIH Green Purchasing Program involves the selection Program20 and acquisition of products and services that most effective- ly minimize negative environmental impacts over their life cycle of manufacturing, transportation, use and recycling or disposal. The Green Purchasing Program helps NIH improve safety and health of patients, workers and the public; reduce pollution; conserve natural resources; stimulate new markets for recycled materials, improve environmental stewardship; provide potential cost savings; and comply with environ- mental laws and regulations. NOTES 1 www.afm.ars.usda.gov/initiatives/ias/ 2 www.dm.usda.gov/procurement/card/pcms.htm 3 www.biopreferred.gov/?SMSESSION=NO
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59 APPENDIX D www.landandmaritime.dla.mil/programs/emall/ 4 http://sps.caci.com/ 5 6 https://dap.dau.mil/aphome/das/Pages/Default.aspx 7 www1.eere.energy.gov/femp/ 8 www.energystar.gov/ 9 http://energy.gov/management/downloads/pia-imanage-strategic-integrated-procurement- enterprise-system-stripes 10 www.epa.gov/watersense/ 11 www.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/tools/cpg/about.htm 12 www.epa.gov/opptintr/epp/index.htm 13 www.epa.gov/ozone/snap/ 14 www.gsaadvantage.gov 15 www.ebuy.gsa.gov 16 www.gsaglobalsupply.gsa.gov 17 www.gsa.gov/portal/content/198257 18 http://prod.nais.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/nais/index.cgi 19 http://nasarecycles.nasa.gov/ 20 http://nems.nih.gov/programs/Pages/purchasing.aspx
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