What Is Intelligent Human-Machine Collaboration?

Prior to the workshop, participants were asked to give their own definition of “intelligent human-machine collaboration” in a preparatory questionnaire. The following samples show the rich diversity of their responses:

… machines and humans combining each other’s strengths and filling-in for their weaknesses and empowering each other’s capabilities;

… joint and coordinated action by people and computationally based systems, in which each have some stake in the outcome or performance of the mission;

… humans AND machines jointly perform tasks that they would not be able to perform on their own;

… integration of AI into machines;

… humans and machines are able to mutually adapt their behavior, intentions, and communications;

… cooperation that mimics interactions between two humans;

… naturalness of the observed human-machine interaction;

… neither human nor machine treats the other as a disturbance to be minimized.

… machines being partners, and not a tool, for humans;

… technology that amplifies and extends human abilities to know, perceive, and collaborate;

… better overall performance of the mission, independently of how it was achieved;

… shared responsibility, authority, goals.

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