physical exams and deploy further specialization. He would like to see these tasks move beyond “skype-on-wheels.” Oron-Gilad suggested that environmental context is also an important factor in remote presence. For example, remote participants may not realize that they have beamed into a stressful, unpredictable, or dangerous environment, such as a war zone, thus underappreciating or underutilizing the context in which the local staff is operating.

Ramchurn identified energy management as a global issue in which agents and machines will play a role. As nations shift their focus to renewable energy sources, he suggested, intermittent sources and supply/demand constraints may require agents to have some control of devices (e.g., washing machines) to influence energy usage patterns. In these circumstances, humans would actually be adapting their behavior to agents.

For search and rescue missions, Kruijff commented that cultural considerations come into play when local, national, and regional agencies or organizations need to deliver, share, and coordinate information. For this reason, Tadokoro emphasized multiculturally sensitive data-gathering and -sharing strategies.

Lastly, Sonenberg commented that effectively addressing the social and cultural implications of human-machine collaboration will call for social scientists and anthropologists to work together with engineers. Further, many of these kinds of collaborations will be studied more effectively in natural settings than in the lab.



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