Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), the Commonwealth Fund Task Force on Academic Health Centers, and the Association of Academic Health Centers (AAHC). Dr. Johns serves on the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences’ (USUHS’s) Board of Regents, as well as on various other boards, including Johnson & Johnson, the Genuine Parts Company, AMN Healthcare, the National Health Museum, and the Satcher Health Leadership Institute. He is a past member of the National Governing Board of the Clinical Center and of the Council of the National Center for Research Resources of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). He has served as a member of the board of directors and as president of the American Board of Otolaryngology, as chair of the AAHC, and as chair of the AAMC’s Council of Deans. He served as editor of the Archives of Otolaryngology from 1992 to 2005, and serves on the editorial board of the Journal of the American Medical Association. Dr. Johns received his bachelor’s degree from Wayne State University and graduated with distinction from the University of Michigan Medical School, where he remained for his internship and residency. He is an Institute of Medicine (IOM) member and has served as vice chair of the IOM Council and as a member of the Governing Board of the National Research Council, as well as on many committees, including as chair of the Committee on Optimizing Graduate Medical Trainee (Resident) Hours and Work Schedules to Improve Patient Safety from 2007 to 2009.

Stephen M. Shortell, Ph.D., M.P.H., M.B.A. (Co-Chair), is the dean of the School of Public Health, Blue Cross of California Distinguished Professor of Health Policy & Management, and professor of organization behavior in the School of Public Health and the Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley. He has affiliated appointments to the Department of Sociology and serves as a member of the Center for Health Research, the Industrial Relations Institute, and the Institute for Personality and Social Research at the University of California, Berkeley, and at the Institute for Health Policy Research at the University of California, San Francisco. His research interests include organizational correlates of quality and outcomes of care; the evaluation of total quality management and community-based health improvement initiatives; strategic change in the health care sector (i.e., evolution of integrated delivery systems); and strategic alliances between physicians and other health entities. He teaches courses in strategic management of health services and organization behavior in health. Dr. Shortell was A.C. Buehler Distinguished Professor of Health Services Management and professor of organization behavior in the J.L. Kellogg Graduate School of Management at Northwestern University from 1982 to 1998. He was assistant professor from 1974 to 1976, associate professor from 1976 to 1979, and professor from 1979 to 1982 in the



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