|Reference||Fitness Test(s)||Body Composition||Metabolic Health||Mental and Cognitive Function||Other||Sample Size and Characteristics||Study Summary, Quality and Level of Evidence|
|Ben Ounis et al., 2010||Cycle ergometer (submaximal but used breath by breath)—Brandon protocol||BMI, % BF||Glucose, tryglycerides (TG), HDL, BP, metabolic syndrome||N = 32 Ages 12-14, M and F, obese||An 8-week intervention to study the effect of exercise training on metabolic syndrome. No analysis of potential interactions or independent effects of fitness on health outcomes.|
|Fitness and adiposity improved, as well as blood glucose, TG, HDL, and BP.
|Kelly et al., 2004||Cycle ergometer—VO2 peak, graded test||BMI||HDL, insulin sensitivity, endothelial function (vascular stiffness)||N = 20 Mean age 10.9, M and F, overweight||An 8-week intervention to study the effect of exercise on CVD risk factors. No adjustment for maturity.|
|Fitness improved, along with HDL and endothelial function. Adiposity and fasting insulin did not change.