Health Outcome(s)/Marker(s)
Reference Fitness Test(s) Body Composition Metabolic Health Mental and Cognitive Function Other Sample Size and Characteristics Study Summary, Quality and Level of Evidence
Ben Ounis et al., 2010 Cycle ergometer (submaximal but used breath by breath)—Brandon protocol BMI, % BF Glucose, tryglycerides (TG), HDL, BP, metabolic syndrome N = 32 Ages 12-14, M and F, obese An 8-week intervention to study the effect of exercise training on metabolic syndrome. No analysis of potential interactions or independent effects of fitness on health outcomes.
Fitness and adiposity improved, as well as blood glucose, TG, HDL, and BP.

LE:Associational

Kelly et al., 2004 Cycle ergometer—VO2 peak, graded test BMI HDL, insulin sensitivity, endothelial function (vascular stiffness) N = 20 Mean age 10.9, M and F, overweight An 8-week intervention to study the effect of exercise on CVD risk factors. No adjustment for maturity.
Fitness improved, along with HDL and endothelial function. Adiposity and fasting insulin did not change.

LE:Direct



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