Lee et al., 2010 Cycle ergometer—VO2max, Astrand protocol Insulin resistance, visfatin N = 38 Mean age 16.7, F, obese and normal A 12-week to study the effect of a physical activity program on insulin and receptors. No independent analysis of the effects of exercise and diet on improvements in risk factors.
Fitness improved, along with a decrease in plasma visfatin and insulin resistance.

LE: Associational

Nourry et al., 2005 Cycle ergometer—incremental exercise/VO2max Body mass, fat mass (FM) Pulmonary function N = 24 Age 10, M and F, nonathletic Examined effect of 8-week training program on resting and exercising lung function.
Intervention led to enhanced resting pulmonary function and VO2 max, but both control and intervention groups had an increased in body mass and no change in FM.


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