TABLE 6-1 Summary of Muscle Strength, Endurance, and Power Fitness Test Items Used Historically to Assess Musculoskeletal Fitness in International Youth Fitness Test Batteries

Fitness Test Item Fitness Component Evaluated Variant Approaches
Flexed/Bent
  • Arm and shoulder endurance
Arm Hang
  • Functional strength
 
Pull-up
  • Upper-body strength and endurance
  • Upper-body endurance
  • Athletic ability
  • Relative strength
  • Regular with full arm extension
  • Modified with right-angle limited extension
  • Untimed performance
  • Timed performance (30 and 60 seconds)
Push-up
  • Upper-body strength and endurance
  • Regular with full arm flexion/extension
  • Modified with limited arm flexion/extension to 90 degrees
  • Isometric hold position
Dip
  • Upper-body endurance
 
Sit-up
  • Abdominal strength and endurance
  • Abdominal endurance
  • Straight-legged
  • Bent-legged
  • Timed performance (30 and 60 seconds)
Curl-up
  • Abdominal strength and endurance
  • Trunk strength
  • Full flexion/extension
  • Partial flexion/extension
  • Untimed
  • Timed (30 seconds)
  • Cadence based
Trunk Lift
  • Back extensor strength
  • Back flexibility
 
Handgrip
Strength Test
  • Static/isometric strength
 
Standing
  • Explosive power
  • Levels
Broad/Long
  • Lower-body strength
 
Jump
  • Athletic ability
 
Vertical
  • Explosive power
  • Jump with no countermovement
Jump
  • Lower-body strength
  • Athletic ability
  • Countermovement jump
Throwing
  • Upper-body explosive strength
  • Strength and endurance
  • Athletic ability
  • Softball throw
  • Handball throw
  • Basketball throw
  • Medicine ball throw
  • Shotput (variable weights)
 


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