BOX 1-2
Statement of Task

An ad hoc committee will recommend physical fitness test items for assessment of youth fitness components that are associated with health outcomes. The recommended items will be suitable for inclusion in a national survey of fitness in children and youth. The committee will make use of a systematic review of the literature conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In examining the review, the committee will evaluate the relationships between the fitness components and health outcomes (e.g., cardiovascular disease risk factors, musculoskeletal health, diabetes, obesity and others). Further, for selected fitness components the committee will examine the relationships between performance on specific test items and health outcomes.

In addition to the primary task above, the committee will answer the following questions:

  1. For recommended test items for which there is evidence of an association with health, how should performance for the test items be interpreted? Should the interpretation be based on a cut-point approach? Are there alternative approaches to interpret performance?
  2. If the association between a particular test and health outcomes reveals no obvious relationship to health, what strategy is most appropriate for identifying a criterion-referenced standard? In such a case, the committee may consider the use of norm-referenced standards.
  3. How do demographic characteristics and overweight and obesity affect the tests scores and subsequent evaluations?
  4. What additional research is needed to augment the evidence (or lack thereof) about the associations between fitness measures and health outcomes?

The committee will also study to what extent is change in performance on a fitness test item (e.g., handgrip strength or 1.5-mile walk/run) associated with change in health outcomes in youth who are apparently “healthy” but include both obese and nonobese. In addition, the committee will identify the strengths and weaknesses of fitness test items in regards to their practicality and as indicators of health outcomes in a school setting and, based on practicality, will provide recommendations for the most appropriate measures for each fitness component.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement