the use of fitness tests in schools and other educational settings.2 Because tests vary based on their potential uses, separate chapters were prepared for each of these two uses of fitness test items. Chapter 8 presents the committee’s recommendations for national surveys of youth fitness. Chapter 9 describes the importance of fitness in the context of education, details factors to consider when implementing fitness tests in schools and other educational settings, and presents the committee’s recommendations for specific fitness tests for educational settings. Finally, Chapter 10 includes the committee’s recommendations for future research.


AAHPERD (American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance). 1980. Health related physical fitness test manual. Reston, VA: AAHPERD.

Castillo-Garzon, M. J., J. R. Ruiz, F. B. Ortega, and A. Gutierrez. 2006. Anti-aging therapy through fitness enhancement. Clinical Interventions in Aging 1(3):213-220.

Eignor, D. R. 2001. Standards for the development and use of tests: The standards for educational and psychological testing. European Journal of Psychological Assessment 17(3):157-163.

HHS (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). 1996. Physical activity and health: A report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: HHS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.

Holt, J., L. E. Holt, and T. W. Pelham. 1996. Flexibility redefined. In Biomechanics in sports XIII, edited by T. Bauer. Thunder Bay, Ontario: Lakehead University. Pp. 170-174.

Saltin, B. 1973. Oxygen transport by the circulatory system during exercise in man. In Limiting factors of physical performance, edited by J. Keul. Stuttgart, Germany: Thieme Publishers. Pp. 235-252.


2Other educational settings include, for example, gymnasiums and fitness centers.

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