Childhood: The period in human development that extends from birth until the onset of puberty.2

Concurrent validity: A type of measurement validity; a form of criterion-related validity; the degree to which the outcomes of one test correlate with outcomes on a criterion test when both tests are given at relatively the same time (Portney and Watkins, 2008).

Criterion-referenced standards: Evaluation standards used to interpret physical fitness test scores and provide information about a participant’s health status. They are considered the most accurate measure of a construct and are used to validate field-based measures.

Cut-point (cutoff score): A test score that represents the minimum level of performance that must be achieved for a participant to be said to be at reduced risk or fit/healthy. Cut-points are critical to interpretation of the results of health-related fitness tests since they serve as a way to distinguish individuals and populations that may be at risk of poor health outcomes from those that are not.

Disability: Any restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being. For the purposes of this report, this term should be construed in the broadest sense, covering impairments (i.e., a problem in body function or structure), activity limitations (i.e., a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action), and participation restrictions (i.e., a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations). Adapted from the World Health Organization definition.3

Feasibility: In this report, the degree to which a fitness test can be administered and interpreted with ease. It is defined by criteria such as ease of administration; burden on participants and administrators; privacy and safety; equipment and space; complexity; and suitability for all socioeconomic levels, education levels, and ages.

Fitnessgram: A health-related fitness test and reporting program introduced by the Cooper Institute in 1988 (Cooper Institute, 2010).


2Available at (accessed August 25, 2012).

3Available at (accessed August 8, 2012).

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