Lloyd, M., and M. S. Tremblay. 2011. Introducing the Canadian assessment of physical literacy. In Children and exercise XXV: Proceedings of the 25th pediatric work physiology meeting, edited by G. Baquet and S. Berthoin. London: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group. Pp. 239-243.

Lloyd, M., R. Colley, and M. S. Tremblay. 2010. Advancing the debate on ‘fitness testing’ for children: Perhaps we’re riding the wrong animal. Pediatric Exercise Science 22(2): 176-182.

Malina, R. M. 2001. Physical activity and fitness: Pathways from childhood to adulthood. American Journal of Human Biology 13(2):162-172.

Malmberg, J., ed. 2011. Physical fitness tests in the Nordic armed forces: A description of basic test protocols. http://www.nih.no/upload/Forsvarets%20institutt/Nordic%20Test%20Protocoll.pdf (accessed August 31, 2012).

McCloy, C. H. 1934. The measurement of general motor capacity and general motor ability. Research Quarterly 5(Suppl. 1):46-61.

McCloy, C. H. 1941. The factor analysis as a research technique. Research Quarterly 12:22-23.

McCurdy, J. H. 1901. The effect of maximum muscular effort on blood-pressure. American Journal of Physiology—Legacy Content 5(2):95-103.

McGinnis, J. M. 1985. National Children and Youth Fitness Study. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance 56(1):44-90.

McKenzie, R. T. 1913. The influence of exercise on the heart. American Journal of Medical Sciences 145:69-75.

McSwegin, P. 1989. Physical best: The AAHPERD guide to physical fitness, education, and assessment. Reston, VA: AAHPERD.

Mood, D. P., A. W. Jackson, and J. R. Morrow, Jr. 2007. Measurement of physical fitness and physical activity: Fifty National children and youth fitness study years of change. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science 11(4):217-227.

Morrow, J. R., Jr. 2005. Are American children and youth fit? It’s time we learned. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 76(4):377-388.

Morrow, J. R., Jr., and A. Ede. 2009. Statewide physical fitness testing: A big waist or a big waste? Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 80(4):696-701.

Morrow, J. R., H. B. Falls, and H. W. Kohl. 1994. The Prudential Fitnessgram®technical reference manual. Dallas, TX: Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research.

Morrow, J. R., Jr., W. Zhu, B. D. Franks, M. D. Meredith, and C. Spain. 2009. 1958-2008: 50 years of youth fitness tests in the United States. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 80(1):1-11.

Morrow, J. R., Jr., S. B. Martin, G. J. Welk, W. Zhu, and M. D. Meredith. 2010. Overview of the Texas Youth Fitness Study. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 81(Suppl. 2):S1-S5.

NASPE (National Association for Sport and Physical Education). 1998. Physical activity for children: A statement of guidelines. Reston, VA: NASPE.

NASPE. 2004. Physical activity for children: A statement of guidelines for children ages 5-12. 2nd ed. Reston, VA: NASPE.

Ngee Ann Polytechnic. 2002. National Physical Fitness Assessment (NAPFA) test. http://www.np.edu.sg/sdar/napfa/Pages/default.aspx (accessed July 11, 2011).

Ortega, F. B., J. R. Ruiz, M. J. Castillo, and M. Sjöström. 2008. Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: A powerful marker of health. International Journal of Obesity 32(1):1-11.

Park, R. J. 1989. Measurement of physical fitness: A historical perspective. In Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Monograph Series. Washington, DC: HHS, Public Health Service.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement