Maximum benefit

The benefit received by households whose net income is zero or negative. It varies by household size.

Medical deduction

The deduction received by households with a disabled member or member age 60 and over whose monthly out-of-pocket medical expenses exceeed $35.

Minimum benefit

In fiscal year 2012, $16 per month for one- and two-person households.

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)

A comprehensive survey designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. The survey interview includes demo-graphic, socioeconomic, dietary, and health-related questions. The examination component consists of medical, dental, and physiological measurements, as well as laboratory tests administered by highly trained medical personnel.

National poverty threshold

Issued by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and used to determine the monthly net income limits for SNAP.

National School Lunch Program (NSLP)

The program under which participating schools operate a nonprofit lunch program in accordance with 7 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 210.

Net income

A household’s total monthly income after deductions are applied.

Net income limit

An amount of monthly net income below which households are eligible to receive SNAP benefits, determined by household size. The limit must be equal to or less than 100 percent of the national poverty threshold.

Price index

An index that tracks inflation by measuring price changes.

Reference family

Used as the basis for determining the maximum SNAP benefit, derived from the Thrifty Food Plan market basket for age-sex groups. The reference family comprises a male and female aged 19-50 and two children aged 6-8 and 9-11.

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