with students from different professions, and engaging kindred spirits from other faculties. It has proven to be a way of reinforcing the importance of the educational mission and why educators chose to become faculty members in the first place.

Key Messages Raised by Individual Speakers

•    IPE is a tool for achieving the triple aim. (Thibault) IPE is about achieving better health outcomes. (Spencer)

•    Recognizing the enormous amount of duplication in the content taught in silos is a first step toward cost containment. (Schmitt)

•    There are real costs associated with retraining, which could be rethought by educators. (Grundy and Schmitt)

•    The hidden curriculum risks sending conflicting messages to students regarding the value of collaboration. (Brandt)

REFERENCES

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Campbell, S. M., M. Hann, J. Hacker, C. Burns, D. Oliver, A. Thapar, N. Mead, D. G. Safran, and M. O. Roland. 2001. Identifying predictors of high quality care in English general practice: Observational study. British Medical Journal 323(7316):784–787.

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IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1999. To err is human: Building a safer health system. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Joint Commission. 2012. Joint Commission online. June 27. http://www.jointcommission.org/assets/1/23/jconline_June_27_12.pdf (accessed on April 9, 2013).

Levinson, D. R. 2010. Adverse events in hospitals: National incidence among Medicare beneficiaries. Washington, DC: Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General.

Levinson, D. R. 2012. Hospital incident reporting systems do not capture most patient harm. Washington, DC: Department of Health and Human Services, Officer of the Inspector General.

Mukamel, D. B., H. Temkin-Greener, R. Delavan, D. R. Peterson, D. Gross, S. Kunitz, and T. F. Williams. 2006. Team performance and risk-adjusted health outcomes in the program of all-inclusive care for the elderly (PACE). Gerontologist 46(2):227–237.



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