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Appendix B Bibliography Acs, Zoltan, and David Audretsch. 1990. Innovation and Small Firms. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Aerts, Kris, and Dirk Czarnitzki. 2005. “Using Innovation Survey Data to Evaluate R&D Policy: The Case of Flanders.” Catholic University of Leuven, Department of Applied Economics and Steunpunt O&O Statistieken. Aerts, Kris, and Dirk Czarnitski. 2006. “The Impact of Public R&D Funding in Flanders.” IWT Studies 54. Aghion, Phillipe, Robin Burgess, Stephen Redding, and Fabrizio Zilibotti. 2003. “The Unequal Effects of Liberalization: Theory and Evidence from India.” Washington, DC: Center for Economic Policy Research. Agrawal, A. and R. Henderson. 2002. “Putting Patents in Context: Exploring Knowledge Transfer from MIT.” Management Science 48(1):44-60. Ahluwalia, Montek Singh. 2001. “State Level Reforms Under Economic Reforms in India.” Stanford University Working Paper No. 96. March. Aizcorbe, A., S. Oliner, and D. Sichel. 2006. “Shifting Trends in Semiconductor Prices and the Pace of Technological Progress.” Federal Reserve Board Finance and Economics Discussion Series Working Paper No. 2006-44. September. Alic, John A., Lewis M. Branscomb, Harvey Brooks, Ashton B. Carter, and Gerald L. Epstein. 1992. Beyond Spin-off: Military and Commercial Technologies in a Changing World. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. Allen, John. 2011. “House continuing resolution would bar NASA from China ties.” Politico February 12. Allen, Stuart D., Albert N. Link, and Dan T. Rosenbaum. 2007. “Entrepreneurship and Human Capital: Evidence of Patenting Activity from the Academic Sector.” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 31(6):937- 951. 184
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APPENDIX B 185 Allison, J., and M. Lemley. 1998. “Empirical Evidence on the Validity of Litigated Patents.” AIPLA Quarterly Journal 26:185-277. Altenburg, Tilman, Hubert Schmitz, and Andreas Stamm. 2008. “Breakthrough: China’s and India’s Transition from Production to Innovation.” World Development 36(2):325-344. Amsden, Alice H. 2001. The Rise of “the Rest”: Challenges to the West from Late-industrializing Economies. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Amsden, Alice H. and Wan-wen Chu. 2003. Beyond Late Development: Taiwan’s Upgrading Policies. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Amsden, Alice H., Ted Tschang, and Akira Goto. 2001. “Do Foreign Companies Conduct R&D in Developing Countries?” Tokyo, Japan: ADB Institute. Aoki, Reiko, and Sadao Nagaoka. 2004. “The Consortium Standard and Patent Pools.” The Economic Review (Keizai Kenkyu) 55(4):345-356. Aoki, Reiko, and Sadao Nagaoka. 2005. “Coalition Formation for a Consortium Standard through a Standard Body and a Patent Pool: Theory and Evidence from MPEG2, DVD and 3G.” IIR Working Paper WP#05-01. February. Applied Research Institute, Inc. 2006. Survey of the Environment for Startups. Applied Research Institute. November. Archibugi, Danielle, Jeremy Howells, and Jonathan Michie, eds. 1999. Innovation Policy and the Global Economy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Argyres, N. S., and J. P. Liebeskind. 1998. “Privatizing the Intellectual Commons: Universities and the Commercialization of Biotechnology.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 35:427-454. Arora, A., and R. P. Merges. 2004. “Specialized Supply Firms, Property Rights, and Firm Boundaries.” Industrial and Corporate Change 13(3):451-476. Arora, A., A. Fosfuri, and A. Gambardella. 2003. “Markets for Technology and Corporate Strategy.” In O. Granstrand, ed., Economics, Law, and Intellectual Property, Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Arora, A., M. Ceccagnoli, and W. Cohen. 2001. “R&D and the Patent Premium.” Carnegie-Mellon University and INSEAD: paper presented at the ASSA Annual Meetings. January 2002. Atlanta, Georgia. Arrow, K. J. 2000. “Increasing Returns: Historiographic Issues and Path Dependence.” European Journal of the History of Economic Thought 7(2):171-180. Arrow, Kenneth. 1962. The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Arthur, W. 1989. “Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns, and Lock-in by Historical Small Events.” Economic Journal 99(2):116-131. Asheim, Bjorn T., et al., eds. 2003. Regional Innovation Policy for Small- medium Enterprises. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Association of University Research Parks. 1998. “Worldwide Research & Science Park Directory 1998.” New York: BPI Communications.
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186 MEETING GLOBAL CHALLENGES Association of University Research Parks. 2008 “The Power of Place: A National Strategy for Building America’s Communities of Innovation.” Tucson, AZ: Association of University Research Parks. Athreye, Suma S. 2000. “Technology Policy and Innovation: The Role of Competition Between Firms.” In Pedro Conceicao et al., eds. Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: Opportunities and Challenges for the Knowledge Economy. Westport, CT: Quorum Books. Atkinson, Robert. 2004. The Past and Future of America’s Economy-Long Waves of Innovation that Power Cycles of Growth. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Atkinson, Robert. 2006. “Is the Next Economy Taking Shape?” Issues in Science and Technology Winter. Audretsch, D. B., ed. 1998. Industrial Policy and Competitive Advantage. Volumes 1 and 2. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Audretsch, D. B. 1998. “Agglomeration and the Location of Innovative Activity.” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 14(2):18-29. Audretsch, D. B. 2006. The Entrepreneurial Society. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Audretsch, D. B., and M. P. Feldman. 1996. “R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production.” American Economic Review 86(3):630-640. Audretsch, D. B., and M. P. Feldman. 1999. “Innovation in Cities: Science- based Diversity, Specialization, and Localized Competition.” European Economic Review 43(2):409-429. Audretsch, D. B., B. Bozeman, K. L. Combs, M. P. Feldman, A. N. Link, D. S. Siegel, P. Stephan, G. Tassey, and C. Wessner. 2002. “The Economics of Science and Technology.” Journal of Technology Transfer 27:155-203. Audretsch, D. B., H. Grimm, and C. W. Wessner. 2005. Local Heroes in the Global Village: Globalization and the New Entrepreneurship Policies. New York: Springer. Auerswald, Philip E., Lewis M. Branscomb, Nicholas Demos, and Brian K. Min. 2005. Understanding Private-Sector Decision Making for Early-Stage Technology Development: A “Between Invention and Innovation Project” Report. NIST GCR 02-841A. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Augustine, Norman. 2007. Is America Falling Off the Flat Earth? Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Baker, Stephen. 2005. “New York’s Big Hopes for Nano.” BusinessWeek February 4. Bakouros, Y. L., D. C. Mardas, and N. C. Varsakelis. 2002. “Science Parks, a High-Tech Fantasy? An Analysis of the Science Parks of Greece.” Technovation 22(2):123-128. Baldwin, J. R., P. Hanl, and D. Sabourin. 2000. “Determinants of Innovative Activity in Canadian Manufacturing Firms: The Role of Intellectual Property Rights.” Statistics Canada Working Paper No. 122. March.
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APPENDIX B 187 Baldwin, John Russel, and Peter Hanel. 2003. Innovation and Knowledge Creation in an Open Economy: Canadian Industry and International Implications. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Balzat, Markus, and Andreas Pyka. 2006. “Mapping National Innovation Systems in the OECD Area.” International Journal of Technology and Globalisation 2(1-2):158-176. Baptista, R. 1998. “Clusters, Innovation, and Growth: A Survey of the Literature.” In G. M. P. Swann, M. Prevezer, and D. Stout, eds. The Dynamics of Industrial Clustering. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Bartzokas, Anthony, and Morris Teubal. 2002. “The Political Economy of Innovation Policy Implementation in Developing Countries.” Economics of Innovation and New Technology 11(4-5). Battelle. 2009. R&D Magazine December. Beinhocker, Eric D. 2007. Origin of Wealth—Evolution, Complexity, and the Radical Remaking of Economics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School. Bennis, Warren, and Patricia Ward Biederman. 1997. Organizing Genius. New York: Basic Books. Berlin, Leslie. The Man Behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley. 2005. New York: Oxford University Press. Bessen, J., and M. J. Meurer. 2005. “The Patent Litigation Explosion.” Research on Innovation and Boston University School of Law. Manuscript. August. Bhidé, Amar. 2006. “Venturesome Consumption, Innovation and Globalization.” Paper presented at the Centre on Capitalism & Society and CESifo Venice Summer Institute 2006. “Perspectives on the Performance of the Continent’s Economies.” July 21-22, 2006. Held at Venice International University. San Servolo, Italy. Biegelbauer, Peter S., and Susana Borras, eds. 2003. Innovation Policies in Europe and the U.S.: The New Agenda. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate. Birch, David. 1981. “Who Creates Jobs?” The Public Interest 65:3-14. Blanpied, William A. 1998. “Inventing U.S. Science Policy.” Physics Today 51(2):34-40. Block, Fred, and Matthew Keller. 2008. “Where Do Innovations Come From? Transformations in the U.S. National Innovation System, 1970-2006.” The Information Technology and Innovation Forum. July. Blomström, Magnus, Ari Kokko, and Fredrik Sjöholm. 2002. “Growth & Innovation Policies for a Knowledge Economy: Experiences from Finland, Sweden, & Singapore.” EIJS Working Paper, Series No. 156. Bloomberg News. 2012. “Germany Will Publish Progress Report on Nuclear Exit in December.” July 24. Bonvillian, William B. 2006. “Power Play, The DARPA Model and U.S. Energy Policy.” The American Interest II(2):39-48. Borger, Klaus, et al. 2005. Mittelstand Monitor, 2005: Annual report on cyclical and structural issues relating to small and medium-sized enterprises, Frankfurt am Main: KfW Bankengruppe. 2005.
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188 MEETING GLOBAL CHALLENGES Borras, Susana. 2003. The Innovation Policy of the European Union: From Government to Governance. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Borrus, Michael, and Jay Stowsky. 2000. “Technology Policy and Economic Growth.” In Charles Edquist and Maureen McKelvey, eds. Systems of Innovation: Growth, Competitiveness and Employment. Volume 2. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Bradsher, Pete. 2009. “China-U.S. Trade Dispute Has Broad Implications.” New York Times September 14. Branscomb, L. M., and P. E. Auerswald. 2001. Taking Technical Risks: How Innovators, Executives, and Investors Manage High-Tech Risks. Boston, MA: The MIT Press. Branscomb, Lewis M., and Philip E. Auerswald. 2002. Between Invention and Innovation: An Analysis of Funding for Early-Stage Technology Development. NIST GCR 02-841. Gathersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. November. Braudel, Fernand. 1973. Capitalism and Material Life 1400-1800. London, UK: Harper Colophon Books. Breschi, S. and F. Lissoin. 2001. “Knowledge Spillovers and Local Innovation Systems: A Critical Survey.” Industrial and Corporate Change 10(4):975- 1005. Breznitz, D. and Murphree. 2011. Run of the Red Queen; Government, Innovation, and Globalization and Economic Growth in China. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Breznitz, Dan. 2007. Innovation in the State: Political Choice and Strategies for Growth in Israel, Taiwan, and Ireland. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Broder, J. and J. Ansfield. 2009. “China and U.S. Seek a Truce on Greenhouse Gases.” The New York Times June 7. Browning, L., and J. Shetler. 2000. SEMATECH: Saving the U.S. Semiconductor Industry. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press. Bush, Nathan. 2005. “Chinese Competition Policy, It Takes More than a Law.” China Business Review. May-June. Bush, Vannevar. 1945. Science: The Endless Frontier. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Caliendo, Marco, and Alexander Kritikos. 2012. “Searching for the entrepreneurial personality: New evidence and avenues for further research.” Journal of Economic Psychology 33(2):319-324. Caliendo, Marco, Frank Fossen, and Alexander Kritikos. 2008. “The Impact of Risk Attitudes on Entrepreneurial Survival.” GfA Discussion Paper No. 12/2008. Capron, Henri, and Michele Cincera. 2006. Strengths and Weaknesses of the Flemish Innovation System: An External Viewpoint. Brussels, Belgium: IWT.
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APPENDIX B 189 Caracostas, Paraskevas, and Ugur Muldur. 2001. “The Emergence of the New European Union Research and Innovation Policy.” In P. Laredo and P. Mustar, eds. Research and Innovation Policies in the New Global Economy: An International Comparative Analysis. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Cardoso, Ana Rute, Paulo Guimaraes, and Klaus Zimmermann. 2010. “Trends in Economic Research: An International Perspective.” Kyklos 63(4):479-494. Castells, M., and P. Hall. 1994. Technopoles of the World. London, UK: Oxford University Press. Cebrowski, Arthur, and John Garska. 1998. “Network Centric Warfare: Its Origin and Future.” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings. January. Center for Economic Development and Business Research. 2008. “Kansas Aviation Manufacturing,” Wichita State University: W. Frank Barton School of Business. September Chambers, John, ed. 1999. The Oxford Companion to American Military History. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Chan, K. F., and Theresa Lau. 2005. “Assessing Technology Incubator Programs in the Science Park: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.” Technovation 25(10):1215-1228. Chand, Satish, and Kunal Sen. 2002. “Trade Liberalization and Productivity Growth: Evidence from Indian Manufacturing.” Review of Development Economics 6(February). Chang, Connie, Stephanie Shipp, and Andrew Wang. 2002. “The Advanced Technology Program: A Public-Private Partnership for Early-stage Technology Development.” Venture Capital 4(4): 363-370. Chao, Loretta. 2011. “China Plans to Ease Rules That Irked Companies.” The Wall Street Journal July 1. Chesbrough, Henry. 2003. Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press. April. China Daily. 2008. “China Luring ‘Sea Turtles’ Home.” December 18. China Trade Extra. 2005. China Agrees to Delay Software Procurement Rule While Talking with U.S. July 11. Chinese Ministry of Finance. 2006. Opinions of the Ministry of Finance on Implementing Government Procurement Policies That Encourage Indigenous Innovation. Cai Ku  No. 47. June 13. Chordà, I. M. 1996. “Towards the Maturity State: An Insight into the Performance of French Technopoles.” Technovation 16(3):143-152. Chu Ng, Ying and Sung-ko Li, 2009. “Efficiency and productivity growth in Chinese universities during the post-reform period.” China Economic Review. Volume 20 Chuma, Hiroyuki. 2006. “Increasing Complexity and Limits of Organization in the Microlithography Industry: Implications for Science-based Industries.” Research Policy 35:394-411.
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190 MEETING GLOBAL CHALLENGES Chuma, Hiroyuki, and Norikazu Hashimoto. 2007. “Moore’s Law, Increasing Complexity and Limits of Organization: Modern Significance of Japanese DRAM ERA.” NISTEP Discussion Paper No. 44. National Institute of Science and Technology Policy. Cimoli, Mario, and Marina della Giusta. 2000. “The Nature of Technological Change and its Main Implications on National and Local Systems of Innovation.” IIASA Interim Report IR-98-029. Cincera, Michele. 2006. Comparison of Regional Approaches to Foster Innovation in the European Union: The Case of Flanders. Brussels, Belgium: IWT. Cincera, Michele. 2006. R&D Activities of Flemish Companies in the Private Sector: An Analysis for the Period 1998-2002. Brussels, Belgium: IWT. Clark, B. 1995. Places of Inquiry. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Clarke, P. 2004. “LETI, Crolles Alliance Open $350-million 32-nm Research Fab.” EE Times April 24. Clarke, P., M. LaPedus, and M. Santarini. 2005. “IBM-led Consortium to Build Fab in N.Y.” EE Times January 5. Clough, G. Wayne. 2007. “The Role of the Research University in Fostering Innovation.” The Americas Competitiveness Forum. June 12. Coakes, Elayne, and Peter Smith. 2007. “Developing Communities of Innovation by Identifying Innovation Champions.” The Learning Organization: An International Journal 14(1):74-85. Coburn, Christopher, and Dan Berglund. 1995. Partnerships: A Compendium of State and Federal Cooperative Programs. Columbus, OH: Battelle Press. Cohen, W. 2002. “Thoughts and Questions on Science Parks.” Presented at the National Science Foundation Science Parks Indicators Workshop. University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Cohen, W., R. Florida, and R. Goe. 1992. University-Industry Research Centers in the United States. Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie-Mellon University. Cohen, W., R. Nelson, and J. Walsh. 2000. “Protecting Their Intellectual Assets: Appropriability Conditions and Why U.S. Manufacturing Firms Patent (or Not).” NBER Working Paper 7552. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Cohen, W. M., A. Goto, A. Nagata, R. R. Nelson, and J. P. Walsh. 2002. “R&D Spillovers, Patents and the Incentives to Innovate in Japan and the United States.” Research Policy 1425:1-19. Cole, Jonathan R. 2010. “The Great American University: Its Rise to Preeminence, Its Indispensible National Role, Why It Must Be Protected.” Public Affairs. Combs, Kathryn L., and Albert N. Link. 2003. “Innovation Policy in Search of an Economic Paradigm: The Case of Research Partnerships in the United States.” Technology Analysis & Strategic Management 15(2). Conant, Jennet. 2002. Tuxedo Park. New York: Simon & Shuster. Conant, Jennet. 2005. 109 East Palace. New York: Simon & Shuster.
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APPENDIX B 191 Cooper, Helene and M. Lander. 2011. “U.S. Shifts Focus to Press China for Market Access.” New York Times. January 18 Constant, Amelie F., Bienvenue N. Tien, Klaus F. Zimmermann, and Jingzhou Meng. 2011. “China’s Latent Human Capital Investment: Achieving Milestones and Competing for the Top.” IZA Discussion Paper 5650. Council on Competitiveness. 2005. Innovate America: Thriving in a World of Challenge and Change. Washington, DC: Council on Competitiveness. Council on Government Relations. 2000. Technology Transfer in U.S. Research Universities: Dispelling Common Myths. Washington, DC: Council on Government Relations. Crain, Mark. 2005. “The Impact of Regulatory Costs on Small Firms.” SBA: SBHQ-03-M-0522. Washington, DC: Small Business Administration. Crafts, N. F. R. 1995. “The Golden Age of Economic Growth in Western Europe, 1950-1973.” Economic History Review 3:429-447. Czarnitzki, Dirk, and Niall O’Byrnes. 2007. “Innovation and the Impact on Productivity in Flanders.” Tijdschrift voor Economie en Management 52(2). Dahlman, Carl. 2005. India and the Knowledge Economy: Leveraging Strengths and Opportunities. Washington, DC: World Bank Publications. Dahlman, Carl. 2011. The World Under Pressure: How China and India Are Influencing the Global Economy and Environment. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press. Dahlman, Carl, and Anuja Utz. 2005. India and the Knowledge Economy: Leveraging Strengths and Opportunities. Washington, DC: The World Bank. Dahlman, Carl J., and Jean Eric Aubert. 2001. China and the Knowledge Economy: Seizing the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The World Bank. Daneke, Gregory A. 1998. “Beyond Schumpeter: Non-linear Economics and the Evolution of the U.S. Innovation System.” Journal of Socio-economics 27(1):97-117. Darby, Michael, Lynne G. Zucker, and Andrew J. Wang. 2002. Program Design and Firm Success in the Advanced Technology Program: Project Structure and Innovation Outcomes. NISTIR 6943. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Das, Gurcharan. 2006. “The India Model.” Foreign Affairs 85(4). Dasgupta, P., and P. David. 1994. “Toward a New Economics of Science.” Research Policy 23:487-521. David, P. A. 1985. “Clio and the Economics of QWERTY.” American Economic Review 75(2):332-337. Davidsson, Per. 1996. “Methodological Concerns in the Estimation of Job Creation in Different Firm Size Classes.” Working Paper, Jönköping International Business School. Davis, Steven, John Haltiwanger, and Scott Schuh. 1993. “Small Business and Job Creation: Dissecting the Myth and Reassessing the Facts.” Working Paper No. 4492. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. de Jonquieres, Guy. 2004. “China and India Cannot Fill the World’s Skills Gap.” Financial Times July 12.
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192 MEETING GLOBAL CHALLENGES de Jonquieres, Guy. 2004. “To Innovate, China Needs More than Standards.” Financial Times July 12. de Jonquieres, Guy. 2006. “China’s Curious Marriage of Convenience.” Financial Times July 19. De la Mothe, J., and Gilles Paquet. 1998. “National Innovation Systems, ‘Real Economies’ and Instituted Processes.” Small Business Economics 11:101- 111. De Proft, A. 2006. Presentation at National Academies symposium on “Synergies in Regional and National Policies in the Global Economy.” Leuven, Belgium. September. Debackere, Koenraad, and Reinhilde Veugelers. 2005. “The Role of Academic Technology Transfer Organizations in Improving Industry Science Links.” Research Policy 34(3):321-342. Debackere, Koenraad, and Wolfgang Glänzel. 2004. “Using a Bibliometric Approach to Support Research Policy Making: The Case of the Flemish BOF-key.” Scientometrics 59(2). Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. 2003. DARPA Over The Years. Arlington, VA: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. October 27. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. 2005. DARPA—Bridging the Gap, Powered by Ideas. Arlington, VA: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. February. Deng, Xiaoping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. 1978. Address at the First National Science Congress. Department of Energy. 2011. U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation: A Progress Report by the U.S. Department of Energy. January. Dirks, S and M. Keeling. 2009. Executive Report. “A Vision of Smarter Cities: How Cities Can Lead the Way into a Prosperous and Sustainable Future,” IBM Global Business Services, Doloreux, David. 2004. “Regional Innovation Systems in Canada: A Comparative Study.” Regional Studies 38(5):479-492. Dries, Ilse, Peer van Humbeek, and Jan Larosse. 2005. Linking Innovation Policy and Sustainable Development in Flanders. Paris, France: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Eaton, Jonathan, Eva Gutierrez, and Samuel Kortum. 1998. “European Technology Policy.” NBER Working Papers 6827. Edler, J., and S. Kuhlmann. 2005. “Towards One System? The European Research Area Initiative, the Integration of Research Systems and the Changing Leeway of National Policies.” Technikfolgenabschätzung: Theorie und Praxis 1(4):59-68. EE Times. 2006. “Chinese Province Pays to Get 300-mm Wafer Fab.” June 28. Ehlen, Mark A. 1999. Economic Impacts of Flow-Control Machining Technologies: Early Applications in the Automobile Industry. NISTIR 6373. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.
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APPENDIX B 193 Ehlers, Vernon J. 1998. Unlocking Our Future: Toward a New National Science Policy, A Report to Congress by the House Committee on Science. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Ehrenberg, R. 2000. Tuition Rising. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Eickelpasch, Alexander, and Michael Fritsch. 2005. “Contests for Cooperation: A New Approach in German Innovation Policy.“ Research Policy 34:1269- 1282. Electronic News. 2006. “SMIC Gets $3B Nod from Chain’s Wuhan Government.” May 22. Endquist, Charles, ed. 1997. Systems of Innovation: Technologies, Institutions, and Organizations. London, UK: Pinter. Energy Information Administration. 2009. “State Energy Consumption Estimates: 1960 through 2007.” Tables 8-12. Engardio, Pete. 2009. “Can the Future be Built in America? Inside the U.S. Manufacturing Crisis.” BusinessWeek September 21. Engel, Kristen. 2005. “Mitigating Global Climate Change in the United States: A Regional Approach.” NYU Environmental Law Journal 14:54. EOS Gallup Europe. 2004. “Entrepreneurship.” Flash Eurobarometer 146. January. European Commission. 2003. Innovation in Candidate Countries: Strengthening Industrial Performance. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, May. European Commission. 2003. “Investing in Research: An Action Plan for Europe 2003.” Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Evans, D., and Jovanovic, B. 1989. “An Estimated Model of Entrepreneurial Choice under Liquidity Constraints.” Journal of Political Economy 97:808- 827. Evans, Sir Harold. 2005. They Made America. Sloan Foundation Project. New York: Little, Brown and Company. Faems, Dries, Bart Van Looy, and Koenraad Debackere. 2005. “Inter- organizational Collaboration and Innovation: Toward a Portfolio Approach.” Journal of Product Innovation Management 22(3):238-250. Fan, W., and White, M. J. 2002. “Personal Bankruptcy and the Level of Entrepreneurial Activity.” NBER Working Paper, Series 9340. Boston, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Fangerberg, Jan. 2002. Technology, Growth, and Competitiveness: Selected Essays. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Federal Communications Commission. 2009. Connecting America: The National Broadband Plan. Washington, DC: Federal Communications Commission. Federal Register Notice. 2004. “2004 WTO Dispute Settlement Proceeding Regarding China: Value Added Tax on Integrated Circuits.” April 21.
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194 MEETING GLOBAL CHALLENGES Federal Trade Commission. 2003. To Promote Innovation: The Proper Balance of Patent and Competition Law Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. October. Feigenbaum, Evan. 2003. China’s Techno-Warriors: National Security and Strategic Competition from the Nuclear to the Information Age. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Feldman, Maryann, and Albert N. Link. 2001. “Innovation Policy in the Knowledge-based Economy.” Economics of Science, Technology and Innovation. Volume 23. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Press. Feldman, Maryann, Irwin Feller, Janet Bercovitz, and Richard Burton. 2002. “Equity and the Technology Transfer Strategies of American Research Universities.” Management Science 48(1):105-121. Feller, Irwin. 1997. “Technology Transfer from Universities.” In John Smart, ed. Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. Volume XII. New York: Agathon Press. Feller, Irwin. 2004. A Comparative Analysis of the Processes and Organizational Strategies Engaged in by Research Universities Participating in Industry-University Research Relationships. Final report submitted to the University of California Industry-University Cooperative Research Program. Agreement No. M-447646-19927-3. Ferguson, R. and C. Olofsson. 2004. “Science Parks and the Development of NTBFs: Location, Survival and Growth.” Journal of Technology Transfer 29(1):5-17. Field, A. J. 2003. “The Most Technologically Progressive Decade of the Century.” American Economic Review (September):1406. Flamm, K. 1996. Mismanaged Trade: Strategic Policy and the Semiconductor Industry. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution. Flamm, K. 2003. “Microelectronics Innovation: Understanding Moore’s Law and Semiconductor Price Trends.” International Journal of Technology, Policy, and Management 3(2). Flamm, K. 2003. “The New Economy in Historical Perspective: Evolution of Digital Technology.” In New Economy Handbook. St. Louis, MO: Academic Press. Foerst, Ann. 2005. God in the Machine. New York: Penguin Books. Fonfria, Antonio, Carlos Diaz de la Guardia, and Isabel Alvarez. 2002. “The Role of Technology and Competitiveness Policies: A Technology Gap Approach.” Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics 13(1-2-3):223-241. Fong, Glenn R. 1998. “Follower at the Frontier: International Competition and Japanese Industrial Policy.” International Studies Quarterly 42(2). Fong, Glenn R. 2001. “ARPA Does Windows: The Defense Underpinning of the PC Revolution.” Business and Politics 3(3). Foray, Dominique, and Patrick Llerena. 1996. “Information Structure and Coordination in Technology Policy: A Theoretical Model and Two Case Studies.” Journal of Evolutionary Economics 6(2).
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210 MEETING GLOBAL CHALLENGES National Research Council. Forthcoming. Clustering for 21st Century Prosperity. Charles W. Wessner, Rapporteur. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Science Board. 2004. Science and Engineering Indicators 2004. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. National Science Board. 2006. Science and Engineering Indicators 2006. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. National Science Board. 2008. Science and Engineering Indicators 2008. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. National Science Board. 2010. Science and Engineering Indicators 2010. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. National Science Board. 2011. Science and Engineering Indicators 2011. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. National Science Foundation. 2004. Science and Engineering Doctorate Awards: 2003. NSF 05-300. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. Needham, Joseph. 1954-1986. Science and Civilization in China. (Five volumes.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Nelson, R. R. 1993. National Innovation Systems: A Comparative Analysis. New York: Oxford University Press. Nelson, R. R., and K. Nelson. 2002. “Technology, Institutions, and Innovation Systems.” Research Policy 31:265-272. Nelson, R. R., and N. Rosenberg. 1993. “Technical Innovation and National Systems.” In National Innovation Systems: A Comparative Analysis. Richard R. Nelson, ed. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Nelson, R. R., and S. G. Winter. 1982. An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Neuffer, John. 2010 “China: Intellectual Property Infringement, Indigenous Innovation Policies, and Frameworks for Measuring the Effects on the U.S. Economy.” Testimony to the United States International Trade Commission Investigation. June 15. Nishimura, Kiyohiko, G., Takanobu Nakajima, and Kozo Kiyota. 2003. “Does the Natural Selection Mechanism Still Work in Severe Recessions? Examination of the Japanese Economy in the 1990s.” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 58:53-78. Odagari, H. 1999. “University-Industry Collaboration in Japan: Facts and Interpretations.” In Lewis M. Branscomb, Fumio Kodama, and Richard Florida, eds. Industrializing Knowledge: University-Industry Linkage in Japan and the United States. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Odagiri, H., and A. Goto. 1993. “The Japanese System of Innovation: Past, Present and Future.” In R. R. Nelson, ed. National Systems of Innovation. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Odagiri, H., and A. Goto. 1996. Technology and Industrial Development in Japan: Building Capabilities by Learning, Innovation and Public Policy. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
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APPENDIX B 211 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 1999. Boosting Innovation: The Cluster Approach. Paris, France: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 1999. Managing National Innovation Systems. Paris, France: Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2001. The New Economy: Beyond the Hype—The OECD Growth Project. Paris, France: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2001. Social Sciences and Innovation. Washington, DC: Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2004. Summary Report: Micro-policies for Growth and Productivity. DSTI/IND(2004)7. Paris, France: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. October. Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2008. Main Science and Technology Indicators. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. 2008. OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: China. Paris, France: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2011. Main Science and Technology Indicators. Paris, France: Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development. Orszag, Peter, and Thomas Kane. 2003. “Funding Restrictions at Public Universities: Effects and Policy Implications.” Brookings Institution Working Paper. September. Oughton, Christine. 1997. “Competitiveness in the 1990s.” The Economic Journal 107(444): 1486-1503. Oughton, Christine, Mikel Landabaso, and Kevin Morgan. 2002. “The Regional Innovation Paradox: Innovation Policy and Industrial Policy.” The Journal of Technology Transfer 27(1). Owens, William, with Edward Offley. 2001. Lifting the Fog of War. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. Park, W. G., and J. C. Ginarte. 1997. “Intellectual Property Rights and Economic Growth.” Contemporary Economic Policy XV(July):51-61. Ozgen, Ceren, et al. 2011. “Immigration and Innovation in European Regions.” IZA Discussion Paper No. 5676. Patel, P., and K. Pavitt. 1994. “National Innovation Systems: Why They are Important and How They Might Be Compared?” Economic Change and Industrial Innovation.
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212 MEETING GLOBAL CHALLENGES Peck, M. J., R. C. Levin, and Akira Goto. 1988. “Picking Losers: Public Policy Toward Declining Industries in Japan.” In J. B. Shoven, ed. Government Policy Toward Industry in the United States and Japan. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 165-239. Peek, Joe, and Eric S. Rosengren. 2005. “Unnatural Selection: Perverse Incentives and the Misallocation of Credit in Japan.” The American Economic Review 95(4):114-1166. Penrose, E. 1951. The Economics of the International Patent System. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. Perez, Carlota. 2002. Technological Revolutions and Financial Capital. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Phan, Phillip H., and Donald S. Siegel. 2006. “The Effectiveness of University Technology Transfer: Lessons Learned from Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the U.S. and U.K.” Rensselaer Working Papers in Economics 0609. Troy, NY: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Department of Economics. Phan, Phillip H., Donald S. Siegel, and Mike Wright. 2005. “Science Parks and Incubators: Observations, Synthesis and Future Research.” Journal of Business Venturing 20(2):165-182. Phillimore, J. 1999. “Beyond the Linear View of Innovation in Science Park Evaluation: An Analysis of Western Australian Technology Park.” Technovation 19(11):673-680. Polenske, Karen, Nicolas Rockler, et al. 2004. Closing the Competitive Gap: A Retrospective Analysis of the ATP 2mm Project. NIST GCR 03-856. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Porter, M. E., 1998. “Clusters and the New Economics of Competition.” Harvard Business Review 76(6):77-90. Porter, M. E., and M. Sakakibara. 2004. “Competition in Japan.” The Journal of Economic Perspectives 18(1). Posen, Adam. 1998. Restoring Japan’s Economic Growth. Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics. Posen, Adam. 2001. “Japan.” In Benn Steil, David G. Victor, and Richard R. Nelson, eds. Technological Innovation and Economic Performance. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Powell, Jeanne, and Francisco Moris. 2002. Different Timelines for Different Technologies. NISTIR 6917. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. 2004. “Sustaining the Nation’s Innovation Ecosystems.” Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President. January. President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee. 2005. “Cybersecurity: A Crisis of Prioritization.” Report to the President. February. PricewaterhouseCoopers. 2006. “China’s Impact on the Semiconductor Industry: 2005 Update.” New York: PricewaterhouseCoopers.
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APPENDIX B 213 Procassini, Andrew. 1995. Competitors in Alliance: Industry Associations, Global Rivalries, and Business-Government Relations. New York: Greenwood Publishing. Purvis, G. 2002. “Moving into the Real World.” Electronic Business July 1. Qiang, Christine Zhen-Wei. 2004. Contribution of Information and Communication Technologies to Growth. Washington, DC: The World Bank. Qiang, Christine Zhen-Wei. 2009. Broadband Infrastructure Investment in Stimulus Packages: Relevance for Developing Countries. Washington DC: World Bank. Reid, T. R. 2004. The United States of Europe: The New Superpower and the End of American Supremacy. New York: Penguin Press. Reiko, Yamada. 2001. “University Reform in the Post-massification Era in Japan: Analysis of Government Education Policy for the 21st Century.” Higher Education Policy 14(4). Reuters. 2006. “China Sees No Quick End to Economic Boom.” February 21. Rich, Ben. 1996. Skunkworks. New York: Back Bay Books. Rodrik, Dani and Arvind Subramanian. 2004. “From ‘Hindu Growth’ to Productivity Surge: The Mystery of the Indian Growth Transition.” NBER Working Paper 10376. Romer, Paul. 1990. “Endogenous Technological Change.” Journal of Political Economy 98:72-102. Rosenberg, N., and R. Nelson. 1994. “American Universities and Technical Advance in Industry.” Research Policy 23:325-348. Rosenzweig, R., and B. Turlington. 1982. The Research Universities and Their Patrons. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Rothaermel, F. T., and M. C. Thursby. 2005. “Incubator Firm Failure or Graduation? The Role of University Linkages.” Research Policy 34(7):1076- 1090. Rothaermel, F. T., and M. C. Thursby. 2005. “University-Incubator Firm Knowledge Flows: Assessing Their Impact on Incubator Firm Performance.” Research Policy 34(3):302-320. Rowen, Henry S., and A. Maria Toyoda. 2002. “From Kiretsu to Start-ups: Japan’s Push for High Tech Entrepreneurship.” Asia-Pacific Research Center Working Paper. Stanford, CA. Ruegg, Rosalie, and Irwin Feller. 2003. A Toolkit for Evaluating Public R&D Investment: Models, Methods, and Findings from ATP’s First Decade. NIST GCR 03-857. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Ruttan, Vernon W. 2002. Technology, Growth and Development: An Induced Innovation Perspective. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Ruttan, Vernon W. 2006. Is War Necessary for Economic Growth, Military Procurement and Technology Development? New York: Oxford University Press. Ruttan, Vernon W. 2006. “Will Government Programs Spur the Next Breakthrough?” Issues in Science and Technology Winter.
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214 MEETING GLOBAL CHALLENGES Rutten, Roel, and Frans Boekema. 2005. “Innovation, Policy and Economic Growth: Theory and Cases.” European Planning Studies 13(8). Rycroft, Robert W., and Don E. Kash. 1999. “Innovation Policy for Complex Technologies.” Issues in Science and Technology Fall. Saito, Ken. 1987. Research on a New Concern: RIKEN Industrial Group. (In Japanese.) Jichosha Sakakibara, M., and L. Branstetter. 2001. “Do Stronger Patents Induce More Innovation? Evidence from the 1988 Japanese Patent law Reforms.” Rand Journal of Economics 32:77-100. Sakakibara, M., and L. Branstetter. 2002. Measuring the Impact of ATP-Funded Research Consortia on Research Productivity of Participating Firms, A Framework Using Both U.S. and Japanese Data. NIST GCR 02-830. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Sakamoto, Kozo, and Masayuki Kondo. 2004. “The Analysis of University- Industry Research Collaborations by Time Series and Corporate Characteristics.” (In Japanese.) Development Engineering 10:11-26. Sallet, J, J. Masterman, and E. Paisley. 2009. “The Geography of Innovation.” Washington, DC: Center for American Progress. Sapolsky, Harvey M. 1990. Science and the Navy—The History of the Office of Naval Research. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Saxenian, AnnaLee. 1994. Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Schaffer, Teresita. 2002. “Building a New Partnership with India.” Washington Quarterly 25(2):31-44. Scherer, F. M. 2001. “U.S. Government Programs to Advance Technology.” Revue d’Economie Industrielle 0(94):69-88. Scotchmer, Suzanne. 1996. “Protecting Early Innovators: Should Second- Generation Products Be Patentable?” Rand Journal of Economics 27:322- 331. Scotchmer, Suzanne. 2004. Innovation and Incentives. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Shane, S. 2004. Academic Entrepreneurship. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. Shang, Yong. 2006. “Innovation: New National Strategy of China.” Presentation at Industrial Innovation in China. Levin Institute Conference. July 24-26. Shanghai Municipal Government. 2004. Notice of the Shanghai Municipal Government Regarding Distributing the Outline of Shanghai’s Intellectual Property Strategy (2004-2010). September 14. Shapiro, Carl. 2001. “Navigating the Patent Thicket: Cross License, Patent Pools and Standard-Setting.” In Adam Jaffe, Joshua Lerner, and Scott Stern, eds. Innovation Policy and the Economy. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Shearmur, R., and D. Doloreux. 2000. “Science Parks: Actors or Reactors? Canadian Science Parks in their Urban Context.” Environment and Planning 32(6):1065-1082.
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APPENDIX B 215 Sheehan, Jerry, and Andrew Wyckoff. 2003. “Targeting R&D: Economic and Policy Implications of Increasing R&D Spending.” DSTI/DOC(2003)8. Paris, France: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Shenzhen Daily. 2005. “Nation May Introduce Antimonopoly Law.” December 30. Sherwin, Martin, and Kai Bird. 2005. American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. Shin, Roy W. 1997. “Interactions of Science and Technology Policies in Creating a Competitive Industry: Korea’s Electronics Industry.” Global Economic Review 26(4):3-19. Siegel, Donald S., David Waldman, and Albert Link. 2004. “Toward a Model of the Effective Transfer of Scientific Knowledge from Academicians to Practitioners: Qualitative Evidence from the Commercialization of University Technologies.” Journal of Engineering and Technology Management 21(1-2):115-142. Siegel, Donald S., P. Westhead, and M. Wright. 2003. “Assessing the Impact of Science Parks on Research Productivity: Exploratory Firm-Level Evidence from the United Kingdom.” International Journal of Industrial Organization 21(9):1357-1369. Simon, Dennis and Cong Cao. 2009. China’s Emerging Technological Edge: Addressing the Role of High-End Talent. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Skolnikoff, Eugene B. 1993. “Knowledge Without Borders? Internationalization of the Research Universities.” Daedalus 122(4). Smith, Kathlin. 1998. The Role of Scientists in Normalizing U.S.-China Relations: 1965-1979. Council on Library and Information Resources Smits, Ruud, and Stefan Kuhlmann. 2004. “The Rise of Systemic Instruments in Innovation Policy.” International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy 1(1/2). Soete, Luc G., and Bastiann J. ter Weel. 1999. “Innovation, Knowledge Creation and Technology Policy: The Case of the Netherlands.” De Economist 147(3). September. Sofouli, E., and N. S. Vonortas. 2007. “S&T Parks and Business Incubators in Middle-Sized Countries: The Case of Greece.” Journal of Technology Transfer 32(5):525-544. Solow, Robert. 2000. Growth Theory: An Exposition. 2nd Edition. New York: Oxford University Press. Solow, Robert. 2000.“Toward a Macroeconomics of the Medium Run.” Journal of Economic Perspectives Winter. Spence, Michael. 1974. Market Signaling: Informational Transfer in Hiring and Related Processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Spencer, W. J., L. Wilson, and R. Doering. 2004. “The Semiconductor Technology Roadmap.” Future Fab International 18.
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216 MEETING GLOBAL CHALLENGES Springut, Micah, et al. 2011. “China’s Program for Science and Technology Modernization: Implications for American Competitiveness.” U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. January. Stanford University. 1999. Inventions, Patents and Licensing: Research Policy Handbook. Document 5.1. July 15. State Council of the Peoples’ Republic of China. 2006. Outline of the National Medium- and Long-term Program on Scientific and Technological Development (2006-2020). February 9. Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. 2005. Report on the Survey of Research and Development 2004. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. Stephan, P. 2001. “Educational Implication of University-Industry Technology Transfer.” Journal of Technology Transfer 26:199-205. Sternberg, R. 1990. “The Impact of Innovation Centres on Small Technology- based Firms: The Example of the Federal Republic of Germany.” Small Business Economics 2(2):105-118. Stiglitz, Joseph. 2005. “The Ethical Economist.” Foreign Affairs. November/December. Stokes, Donald E. 1997. Pasteur’s Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press. Strout, E. 2005. “Gift of a Book Was a Key to Intel Founder’s Big Donation to City College of New York.” Chronicle of Higher Education. December 2. P. A27. Swann, G. M. P. 1998. “Towards a Model of Clustering in High-Technology Industries.” In G. M. P. Swann, M. Prevezer, and D. Stout, eds. The Dynamics of Industrial Clustering. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Talele, Chitram J. 2003. “Science and Technology Policy in Germany, India and Pakistan.” Indian Journal of Economics and Business 2(1):87-100. Tanaka, Nobua. 2005. Presentation at the International Forum on Technology Foresight and National Innovation Strategies. Seoul, Republic of Korea. November 4. Tassey, G. 1997. The Economics of R&D Policy. Westport, CT: Quorum Books. Tassey, G. 2004. “Policy Issues for R&D Investment in a Knowledge-based Economy.” Journal of Technology Transfer 29:153-185. Tassey, G. 2007. The Innovation Imperative. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Teubal, Morris. 2002. “What Is the Systems Perspective to Innovation and Technology Policy and How Can We Apply It to Developing and Newly Industrialized Economies?” Journal of Evolutionary Economics 12(1-2). Thelin, J. 2004. A History of American Higher Education. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. Thomas, J. R., and W. H. Schacht. 2008. “Patent Reform in the 110th Congress: Innovation Issues.” Report for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service. Order Code RL33996. Thursby, J., and M. Thursby. 2002. “Who is Selling the Ivory Tower? Sources of Growth in University Licensing.” Management Science 48:90-104.
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APPENDIX B 217 Thursby, J., and M. Thursby. 2004. “Industry Perspectives on Licensing University Technologies: Sources and Problems.” AUTM Journal P. 2000. U.S. Congress. 1988. Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 (P.L. 100-418, codified in 15 U.S.C. 278n.) and later amended by the American Technology Preeminence Act of 1991 (P.L. 102-245, codified in 15 U.S.C. 3701). U.S. Department of Commerce. 2008. Innovation Measurement: Tracking the State of Innovation in the American Economy, Report to the Secretary. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce. January. U.S. General Accounting Office. 2002. Export Controls: Rapid Advances in China’s Semiconductor Industry Underscore Need for Fundamental U.S. Policy Review. GAO-020620. Washington, DC: U.S. General Accounting Office. April. U.S. Small Business Administration. 2004. “Small Business by the Numbers.” Office of Advocacy. Washington, DC: U.S. Small Business Administration. June. Vaidyanathan, G. 2008. “Technology Parks in a Developing Country: The Case of India.” Journal of Technology Transfer 33(3):285-299. Van Atta, Richard. 2004. “Energy and Climate Change Research and the DARPA Model.” Presentation to the Washington Roundtable on Science and Public Policy. November 3. Van Atta, Richard. 2008. “Fifty Years of Innovation and Discovery.” In DARPA: 50 Years of Bridging the Gap. Arlington, VA: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. April. Van Atta, Richard, and Michael Lippitz. 2003. Transformation and Transition: DARPA’s Role in Fostering an Emerging Revolution in Military Affairs. Volume 1: Overall Assessment. Alexandria, VA: Institute for Defense Analysis. Van Atta, Richard, et al. 1991. DARPA Technical Accomplishments. Volumes I- V. Alexandria, VA: Institute for Defense Analysis. Van Atta, Richard, et al. 1991. DARPA Technological Accomplishments: An Historical Review of Selected DARPA Projects. Alexandria, VA: Institute for Defense Analysis. Van Looy, Bart, K. Debackere, and T. Magerman. 2005. Assessing Academic Patent Activity: The Case of Flanders. Leuven, Belgium: SOOS. Van Looy, Bart, Marina Ranga, Julie Callaert, Koenraad Debackere, and Edwin Zimmermann. 2004. “Combining Entrepreneurial and Scientific Performance in Academia: Towards a Compounded and Reciprocal Matthew-effect?” Research Policy 33(3):425-441. Vedovello, C. 1997. “Science Parks and University-Industry Interaction: Geographical Proximity between the Agents as a Driving Force.” Technovation 17(9):491-502. Vest, C. 2005. “Industry, Philanthropy and Universities-The Roles and Influences of the Private Sector in Higher Education.” 2005 Clark Kerr Lecture. University of California at Berkeley. September 13.
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218 MEETING GLOBAL CHALLENGES Wadhwa, Vivek, and Gary Gereffi. 2005. Framing the Engineering Outsourcing Debate. Durham, NC: Duke University. Walcott, Susan M. 2003. Chinese Science and Technology Industrial Parks. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing. Waldrop, M. Mitchell. 1992. Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of Order and Chaos. New York: Simon & Schuster. Waldrop, M. Mitchell. 2001. The Dream Machine. New York: Viking Press. Wall Street Journal. 2010. “Loan Squeeze Thwarts Small-Business Revival.” March 15. Walsh, J. P., and W. M. Cohen. 2004. “Does the Golden Goose Travel? A Comparative Analysis of the Influence of Public Research on Industrial R&D in the U.S. and Japan.” Mimeo. Wang, Liwei. 1993. “The Chinese Traditions Inimical to the Patent Law.” Northwestern Journal of International Lawand Commerce Fall. Warsh, David. 2006. Knowledge and the Wealth of Nations. New York: W. W. Norton. Wiener, Norbert. 1948. Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Wen, Jiang, and Shinichi Kobayashi. 2001. “Exploring Collaborative R&D Network: Some New Evidence in Japan.” Research Policy 30:1309-1319. Wessner, Charles W. 2005. “Entrepreneurship and the Innovation Ecosystem.” In David B. Audretsch, Heike Grimm, and Charles W. Wessner, eds. Local Heroes in the Global Village: Globalization and the New Entrepreneurship Policies. New York: Springer. Westhead, P. 1995. “New Owner-Managed Businesses in Rural and Urban Areas in Great Britian: A Matched Pairs Comparison.” Regional Studies 29(4):367-380. Westhead, P., and D. Storey. 1997. “Financial Constraints on the Growth of High-Technology Small Firms in the U.K.” Applied Financial Economics 7(2):197-201. Westhead, P., and M. Cowling. 1995. “Employment Change in Independent Owner-Managed High-Technology Firms in Great Britain.” Small Business Economics 7(2):111-140. Westhead, P., and S. Batstone. 1998. “Independent Technology-based Firms: The Perceived Benefits of a Science Park Location.” Urban Studies 35(12):2197-2219. World Bank. 2004. Innovation Systems: World Bank Support of Science and Technology Development. Vinod Kumar Goel, ed. Washington, DC: World Bank. World Bank. 2006. The Environment for Innovation in India. South Asia Private Sector Development and Finance Unit. Washington, DC: World Bank. World Bank International Finance Corporation. 2006. Doing Business in 2006: Creating Jobs. Washington, DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
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APPENDIX B 219 World Trade Organization Working Party on the Accession of China. 2001. Report of the Working Party on the Accession of China. WT/MN(01)/3. November 10. Wu, Ching. 2006. “China to Build 30 New Science and Technology Parks.” SciDev.net. April 19. Yan, Dai. 2004. “Anti-Monopoly Legislation on the Way.” China Daily June 18. Yoshida, Fujio. 1967. “Preparation of Legal System for Capital Liberalization (Part 3).” Panel Discussion in Zaikei Shoho. July 17. Yoshida, Junko. 2006. “Grenoble Lure: Un-French R&D.” EE Times June 12. Young, John. 2007. Info Memo for Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates. DoD Science and Technology Program. August 24. Yukio, Sato. 2001. “The Structure and Perspective of Science and Technology Policy in Japan.” In Phillipe Laredo and Phillipe Mustar, eds. Research and Innovation Policies in the New Global Economy: An International Comparative Analysis. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Zachary, G. Pascal. 1999. Endless Frontier: Vannevar Bush, Engineer of the American Century. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Zeigler, Nicholas J. 1997. Governing Ideas: Strategies for Innovation in France and Germany. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Zemin, Jiang, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. 1999. Keynote Speech at the National Technological Innovation Conference, August 23. Zhang, Chunlin, Douglas Zhihua Zeng, William Peter Mako, and James Seward. 2009. Promoting Enterprise-Led Innovation in China, 2009. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank. Ziedonis, R. H., and B. H. Hall. 2001. “The Effects of Strengthening Patent Rights on Firms Engaged in Cumulative Innovation: Insights from the Semiconductor Industry.” In Gary Libecap, ed., Entrepreneurial Inputs and Outcomes: New Studies of Entrepreneurship in the United States. Volume 13 of Advances in the Study of Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Economic Growth. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier Science.
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