norms and standards which facilitate trade. Because the United States and EU are the world’s most closely linked economic regions, jointly generating 54 percent of the world’s GDP and providing 30 percent of its consumers, “this is not an unrealistic expectation,” he said. With bilateral trade between EU and United States amounting to 15 and 20 percent of their respective trade volumes, and each being the other’s paramount investment partner, the Transatlantic Economic Council can significantly facilitate trade, investment, and innovation at the same time.

In regard to the need to strengthen Germany-U.S. cooperation, Dr. Hoyer said that the Foreign Office actively contributes to this goal, as do the Ministries of Education and Science. “We believe that in order to remain competitive,” he said, “the already vibrant U.S.-German innovation cooperation must be further enhanced.” This cooperation, he said, spans a broad range of topics, institutions, and individuals, and is supported by universities, science organizations, research institutes, industry, foundations, and other stakeholders. Projects for bilateral cooperation range the International Space Station and the Stratosphere Observatory for Infrared Astronomy to basic research in physics, health, energy, and civil security. There is also cooperation on the development and use of hardware, including U.S. participation in the German electron synchrotron (DESY), the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, and a joint project linking the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory with the neutron spin echo spectrometer at the Technical University of Munich. The opening of the Max Planck Florida Institute in Jupiter, Florida, which focuses on bio-imaging, was another milestone in U.S. cooperation.

SCIENCE OUTREACH BY THE FOREIGN OFFICE

The Foreign Office also funds academic exchange programs and scholarships that enable American students and scientists to visit Germany. The growing number of participants reflects the increasing importance of research cooperation as a “pillar of German foreign policy.” Over the years, 20 of the numerous American scientists granted the Humboldt Scholarship to work in Germany received Nobel Prizes later in their careers.

The Foreign Office also operates the German Center for Research and Innovation in New York, which it established in 2010. Dr. Hoyer described it as a cornerstone of the German government’s strategy for international science and research. The center, located near the United Nations, has already strengthened Germany’s visibility as a hub for science and innovation; since its founding, it has hosted 15 major events for American and German partners of science and business and “is making a significant contribution to transatlantic cooperation to help solve global challenges of the 21st century.”

Also, the U.S.-German Framework Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation, concluded in 2009, adds a strategic component to bilateral cooperation. The first meeting of the joint commission was scheduled for the following month under the title Priorities, Opportunities, and Concrete



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