Department of Lucent Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, New Jersey. Dr. Alferness joined Bell Labs in 1976 after receiving a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Michigan, where his thesis research, under the supervision of Professor Emmett Leith, concerned optical propagation in volume holograms. His early research at Bell Labs included the demonstration of novel waveguide electro-optic devices and circuits—including switch/modulators, polarization controllers, tunable filters—and their applications in high-capacity light wave transmission and switching systems. This research led to the early development of titanium-diffused lithium niobate waveguide modulators that are now deployed as the high-speed signal-encoding engine in fiber-optic transmission systems around the world. Dr. Alferness has also made contributions in photonic integrated circuits in indium phosphide, including widely tunable lasers, as well as in photonic switching systems and reconfigurable wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) optical networks. In the mid-1990s, he was an originator of and the Bell Labs program manager for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency-funded MONET project, which demonstrated the feasibility of wavelength-routed optical networks that are now being implemented for both backbone and metro networks. Dr. Alferness has authored more than 100 papers, 5 book chapters, and 35 patents. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a fellow of the Optical Society of America (OSA) and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS). Dr. Alferness received the 2005 IEEE Photonics Award. He has served as an elected member of the LEOS Administrative Committee and was the president of IEEE LEOS in 1997. He was general co-chair of the 1994 Optical Fiber Communications Conference. Dr. Alferness has served as associate editor for Optics Letters and for Photonics Technology Letters. He has served on many IEEE and OSA committees, including fellows and awards committees. He also currently serves on the European Conference on Optical Communication Executive Management Committee. He served as the editor-in-chief of the IEEE and OSA-sponsored Journal of Lightwave Technology from 1995 to 2000. He served as an elected member of the OSA board of directors from 2001 to 2003.

THOMAS M. BAER is the executive director of the Stanford Photonics Research Center and a member of the Applied Physics Department at Stanford University. His current research is focused on developing imaging and analysis technology for exploring the molecular basis of developmental biology and neuroscience. From 1996 to 2005, Dr. Baer was the chief executive officer and chair of Arcturus Bioscience, Inc., a biotechnology company located in Mountain View, California, that he established in 1996. Arcturus Bioscience pioneered the area of microgenomics. Prior to establishing Arcturus, Dr. Baer was the vice president of research at Biometric Imaging. From 1981 to 1992, he was at Spectra-Physics, Inc., where he



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