held positions as vice president of research and Spectra-Physics Fellow. While Dr. Baer was at Spectra-Physics, his research focused on ultrafast lasers, optical pulse compression, diode-pumped solid-state lasers, and nonlinear optics. He has made major contributions in the areas of biotechnology, quantum electronics, and laser applications and is listed as an inventor on 60 patents and is a co-author on many peer-reviewed publications in a number of scientific fields. His commercial products have received many industry awards for design innovation. Co-founder of four companies in Silicon Valley, he was named entrepreneur of the year for emerging companies in Silicon Valley in 2000 by the Silicon Valley Business Journal. He graduated with a B.A. degree in physics (magna cum laude) from Lawrence University and received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in atomic physics from the University of Chicago. He is also an alumnus of the Harvard Business School, and in 1994 he received the Distinguished Alumni Award from Lawrence University. He has been elected fellow in two international scientific societies—the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Optical Society of America (OSA)—and served as the president of the OSA in 2009.
JOSEPH BUCK is the vice president of program development at Boulder Nonlinear Systems, Inc. He is currently focused on integrating nonmechanical beam control capabilities into optical communications and ladar remote sensing and imaging systems. His work spans Department of Defense, academic, and commercial applications and markets. He has led cross-disciplinary teams to develop multifunction ladar sensors for three-dimensional imaging, vibrometry, polarimetry, and optical aperture synthesis for both ground and flight systems. Dr. Buck has also extensively studied the limits of both coherent and direct detection theory as applied to communications, imaging, and remote sensing systems. He earned his Ph.D. in physics from the California Institute of Technology, where he conducted experiments on the physics of individual atom-photon interactions using trapped atoms and high-finesse cavities and carried out research in the areas of quantum information processing as applied to communication protocols. Dr. Buck began his career with the Aerospace Corporation, where he was a member of the team that pioneered some of the early demonstrations of optical aperture synthesis, and he led efforts to combine optical aperture synthesis and laser vibrometry. He then joined Lockheed Martin Coherent Technologies, where he became a principal research scientist leading teams that developed several new remote sensing systems. Dr. Buck is currently serving on the Active Optical Sensing Committee for the Optical Society of America (OSA) Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics. He is a lifetime member of the OSA; the American Physical Society; and SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering; and a member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Photonics Society (formerly LEOS).