Many proposals for rectifying the U.S. health disadvantage will remain “informed speculation” until sophisticated research and hypothesis testing convincingly establishes their effectiveness in the United States. The scientific community faces challenges in conducting such research because of limitations in access to comparable cross-national data and methodological challenges in conducting studies to identify the causes and solutions of the U.S. health disadvantage. To address those challenges, Chapter 9 proposes several specific and important actions that could be taken now by the scientific community, research and health statistics agencies, and funders to establish an infrastructure for vibrant research and scholarship on the causes of the U.S. health disadvantage.



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