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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

Financial support for this project was provided by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Food and Drug Administration, and the Fogarty International Center; U.S. Department of Defense, Department of the Army: Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System, Medical Research and Materiel Command, and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency; U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs; U.S. Department of Homeland Security; U.S. Agency for International Development; Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; American Society for Microbiology; sanofi pasteur; Burroughs Wellcome Fund; GlaxoSmithKline; Infectious Diseases Society of America; and the Merck Company Foundation. The views presented in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-26432-7
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-26432-4

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Copyright 2012 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

Cover images: (Front) Colony developed by the Gram-positive social bacteria Paenibacillus dendritiformis (chiral morphotype). The colony diameter is about 6 cm, and the number of cells is about the same as the number of people on Earth. For more information see http://star.tau.ac.il/~eshel. Photo credit: Eshel Ben-Jacob/Tel Aviv University. (Back) Bioluminescence offers undersea advantages to (clockwise from top left) a pelagic worm, squid, krill, scaleless black dragonfish, and deepwater jellyfish. Photo Credit: Edith Widder/Ocean Research and Conservation Association.

Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2012. The Social Biology of Microbial Communities: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.



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