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Lifelong Learning Imperative in Engineering A PPENDIX C LIFELONG LEARNING IN ENGINEERING ONLINE SURVEY INSTRUMENT Note: The target respondents for the online surveys were professional engineers with characteristics described in Appendix D. INTRODUCTION The National Academy of Engineering (NAE) is conducting a study to understand the lifelong learning needs and experience of engineers and computers scientists. Our goal is to establish a strong national policy and framework for lifelong learning. We are referring to learning for the (engineering) professional, who is working and doing a good job, but is doing so in a rapidly changing world. The learning is dynamic and integrative and includes opportunities that are specifically intended to deepen and broaden the engineer’s knowledge and skill sets. This is broader than the typical interpretation of “lifelong learning” that includes adult learning and vocational courses that are offered for updating, certification, or for re- training the engineer in order to obtain or retain her employment. You have been chosen, at random, from lists of professionals in your field, to be in the small group we are surveying. Answering this survey should take approximately 15 minutes. All responses will remain completely confidential. Your individual answers will not be shared with anyone, including your employer. The surveys will be processed by the ATLAS unit at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. If you have questions about the survey, please contact Maryalice Wu (Email: malice@illinois.edu, Tel: 217-333-9776). You do not have to complete this survey if you do not wish to do so. Your opinions are important and your participation is crucial to the success of this effort; the accuracy of our results depends on obtaining a high response rate. I hope you will participate in the survey. During the survey, you will be given the option of subscribing to receive a link to the final report that will be published in fall 2011. Please click on “Next” button below to begin answering. If at any time you would like to save your responses and continue answering at a later time, click on the dark green stripe on the top of any page. Thank you for your help, Charles M. Vest President National Academy of Engineering 21

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Lifelong Learning Imperative in Engineering SURVEY QUESTIONS We are interested in the opinions of both current and retired engineers and computer scientists. Some of the questions may seem geared only to currently working engineers. If you are retired, please answer the questions as you would have answered while you were still working. A. General Lifelong Learning First, we would like to get your opinions about lifelong learning. Think about lifelong learning as being education or training for the engineering professional who is working and doing a good job, but is doing so in a rapidly changing world. It could mean that the engineer has to take responsibility to deepen and broaden her knowledge and skill sets to remain relevant. A1. How important is lifelong learning for your professional career? Scale poles flipped randomly low-high or high-low. 1. Extremely important 2. Very important 3. Moderately important 4. Slightly important 5. Not important at all. A2. In the future, how likely are you to enroll in a lifelong learning program for any of the following reasons? Row order randomized Not Very very Would Somewhat likely Definitely likely to definitely to likely to would not Reason enroll enroll enroll enroll enroll To upgrade your skills for career growth at your current workplace To develop your skills for career growth beyond your current workplace To satisfy your intellectual curiosity To fulfill government or licensure law requirements A3. How would you rate the overall quality of lifelong learning programs from each of the following potential providers? 22

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Lifelong Learning Imperative in Engineering Row order randomized Overall Quality Very I don’t Provider poor Poor Fair Good Excellent know Your employer University Community college Professional society Vendor A4. How much of a role should each of the following play towards developing a national framework and policies for lifelong learning? Row order randomized No An The role at A small A moderate important leading Group all role role role role Federal government Universities Professional societies Industry B. Lifelong Learning Models and Program Structure In some fields, a single organization coordinates the development and evaluation of lifelong learning programs. For example, the American Academy of Family Physicians coordinates all continuing medical education for family physicians in the United States. In other fields, such as engineering, lifelong learning programs are developed and evaluated by a variety of corporate and professional organizations without a centralized coordinating body. B1. Which of the following models would work better in your own field? Choices 1 & 2 are presented in random order. 1. A single organization should coordinate lifelong learning programs. 2. Multiple organizations should develop their own lifelong learning programs independently. 23

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Lifelong Learning Imperative in Engineering B2. Which of the following structures is better for meeting your lifelong learning needs? Choices 1 & 2 are presented in random order. 1. A well-structured program with multiple courses (like an M.B.A. program) 2. Single course on one specific topic 3. Both equally B3. Which instructional method for teaching lifelong learning courses would you prefer? Choices 1 & 2 are presented in random order. 1. Courses taught online 2. Courses taught in a classroom 3. Some combination of online and classroom teaching 4. Both – online and classroom – methods are about the same B4. If you were taking a classroom-based lifelong learning program, where would you prefer it to be? Choices 1 & 2 are presented in random order. 1. At my workplace 2. Outside my workplace 3. I have no preference C. Lifelong Learning Content and Certification C1. How important should each of the following considerations be in driving the content of lifelong learning? Row order randomized Not important Slightly Moderately Very Extremely Group at all important important important important Scientific or technological advances Changing global business practices in my field New policies and regulations Emergence of new industries and market places 24

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Lifelong Learning Imperative in Engineering C2. How effective would each of the following methods be to evaluate the performance of a student in a lifelong learning program? Row order randomized Not at Evaluation all Slightly Moderately Very Extremely method effective effective effective effective effective Accredited certification Attendance alone Evaluation by provider using internal measures (e.g., grades, projects, tests) No evaluation D. Organizational Support for Lifelong Learning D1. How would you rate the following personal barriers for your participation in lifelong learning? Row order randomized Not an The obstacle Somewhat biggest for me A slight of an A big obstacle at all obstacle obstacle obstacle for me High cost Inconvenient location Not enough personal time to devote Lack of employer support Lack of lifelong learning program that teaches topics I need to learn Lack of knowledge of what topics I need to learn 25

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Lifelong Learning Imperative in Engineering If lack of employer support is an obstacle: D2. Why do you think your employer might not support employee lifelong learning? Choices 1 thru 5 are presented in random order. 1. Check all that apply. 1. Potential loss of employee to another employer, because she is now better trained 2. Lifelong learning is not relevant in employer’s field/business 3. Lack of finances dedicated to lifelong learning 4. Cannot afford loss of employee time at work 5. Employer has never given any thought to lifelong learning 6. Some other reason (Please explain:) ______________________________________________ D3. Think about lifelong learning as education that is focused primarily on the individual who must ensure that she has the appropriate abilities to adapt to the rapidly changing world and remain relevant. How much should each of the following be responsible for funding lifelong learning? To a To the Not A moderate Very greatest at all little extent much extent The individual The employer The government Other nongovernmental organizations D4. How many hours per week of your own time are you willing to devote to lifelong learning? Please enter a whole number of hours per week. If less than one hour per week, enter 0 (zero). ________ In the remainder of the survey, we will be asking you some questions about employment. If you are retired or not currently employed, please answer according to your most recent job. If you are currently employed, but in more than one position, please answer regarding only the job you consider your main job. 26

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Lifelong Learning Imperative in Engineering E. Labor Force Status E1. What is your current employment status? 1. Employed (except self-employed) 2. Self-employed 3. Retired 4. Not currently employed for some other reason 5. Have never been employed 2. If 5, skip to E7. (Never employed) 3. All others, continue to E2. E2. What is the main industry sector of your employer in your current or most recent job? Choices 1 through 3 are presented in random order. 4. Energy Research, Manufacturing, Generation, or Distribution 5. Pharmaceutical Research or Manufacturing 6. Information Technology (IT) 7. Construction industries not listed above 8. Manufacturing industries not listed above 9. Another industry (Please specify:) __________________ E3. Approximately how many employees work for your most recent employer across all sites and branches? 1. 1 to 4 employees 2. 5 to 99 employees 3. 100 to 499 employees 4. 500 to 4,999 employees 5. 5,000 or more employees E4. Where does your current or most recent position fall within the management hierarchy of your company? 1. Top level or senior management, CEO, CFO, COO, owner, president, vice-president, etc. 2. Middle level management, plant manager, regional manager, program leader, etc. 3. First level management, supervisor, team leader, first-line manager, etc. 4. Nonmanagerial 5. None of the above (Please explain) ____________________ E5. What engineering field or discipline best describes most recent or current job? Examples might be: civil engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, medical software development, or many others. __________________________ 27

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Lifelong Learning Imperative in Engineering E6. How secure do you feel in your current position for the next 3 to 5 years? Scale poles flipped randomly low-high, or high-low. 1. Very secure 2. Reasonably secure 3. Somewhat insecure 4. Very insecure 5. I don’t wish to answer E7. Are you actively looking for a job right now? Choices 1 and 2 are presented in random order. 1. Yes 2. No 3. I don’t wish to answer E8. How helpful would lifelong learning opportunities be in increasing your job security or finding a new job? Scale poles flipped randomly low-high, or high-low. 1. Extremely helpful 2. Very helpful 3. Moderately helpful 4. Slightly helpful 5. Not at all helpful 6. I do not know how helpful it would be F. Training History F1. Since obtaining your degree, have you attended any kind of training program designed to keep you current in your field? Choices 1 and 2 are presented in random order. By “training program”, we mean anything from short seminars and lectures to longer workshops, courses, and certification or licensure programs. It could be sponsored by your employer, by a vendor, by a college, or by some other organization. It could be instructor-led, self- paced, online, or hands-on. 1. Yes 2. No F2. Are you required to receive continuing education, training, or certification to retain your position? 1. Yes, the government or licensure law requires it 2. Yes, my employer requires it 3. No, I am not required to receive continuing education or certification. 4. I am not sure 28

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Lifelong Learning Imperative in Engineering G. Education G1. Please tell us about your completed bachelor’s degree(s). If you do not have a bachelor’s degree, just skip this section. Major field Institution Graduation year Bachelor’s degree 1 Bachelor’s degree 2 G2. Please tell us about any advanced degrees you have completed beyond the bachelor’s degree (master’s, MBA, PhD, MD, etc.). If you do not have any advanced degrees, just skip this section. Degree (e.g., master’s, Major Graduation PhD, MBA) field Institution year Advanced degree 1 Advanced degree 2 Advanced degree 3 H. Demographics H1. Thinking about all the jobs you have ever had including your current position, for how many total years have you worked as an engineer or computer scientist? Please round your answer to a whole number of years you have worked as an engineer or computer professional. If the answer is 6 months or less, please enter 0 (zero). If you have never worked as an engineer or computer scientist, please enter “N/A”. ________ H2. What is your gender? Choices 1 & 2 are presented in random order. 1. Male 2. Female H3. How old are you? ________ 29

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Lifelong Learning Imperative in Engineering H4. What racial or ethnic group do you identify with? Choices 1 through 5 are presented in random order. Choose all that apply 1. White 2. Black or African American 3. Hispanic or Latino 4. Asian, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander 5. American Indian or Alaska Native 6. Other (please specify:___________________) H5. What is the zip code of the place where you live? I. Final Comments I1. What do you feel are the greatest challenges facing engineers or computer scientists in your industry? Are there ways that lifelong learning can help overcome these challenges? J. Request Report J1. The results from this survey will be published in a report in fall 2011. Would you like to receive a link to the final copy of our report when it is finished? We will use your e-mail address for no other purpose than to send you a link to the report. 1. No, thank you 2. Yes, my e-mail address is : _________________________ Closer Thank you so much for your participation in this important survey. If you are interested in lifelong learning for engineers and computer scientists, more information can be found at our website: www.llproject.org/. You may close your browser window now. 30