initially be disruptive, and there will need to be a full understanding of that fact and a need to develop realistic expectations. As data are available and new areas emerge that are relevant to an SDI (for example, data science), it will be important to recruit talented experts in those areas who will continue to make the SDI useful and relevant. The committee also found that it was important to have highly trained and respected professionals who understood the technology.

Cooperation and Partnerships

Partnerships with state and federal agencies are essential for SDI implementation and for the long-term sustainability of an SDI. An SDI partnering plan can be successful if it is based on a common vision among its partners; there is much to be gained from multiagency cooperation on spatial data development. In the case of GEOSS, a voluntary intergovernmental framework has the potential to create a working global-scale spatial data infrastructure.

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