of the Intelligent Transportation Society of America, a Policy Board director of the 511 National Traveler Information Number Deployment Coalition, vice president of the Institute of Navigation, vice chairman of the U.S. GPS Industry Council, and lecturer for the NATO Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development. He holds an M.S. in electrical engineering from the U.S. Air Force Institute of Technology, an M.S. in systems management from the University of Southern California, and a B.S. in engineering sciences (astronautics) from the U.S. Air Force Academy.

GEORGE H. BRIMHALL (NAE) is a professor of geology in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences of the University of California, Berkeley, where he has taught and conducted research for nearly 33 years. Previously, he taught in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Johns Hopkins University and worked as a project and underground mine geologist for the Anaconda Company. Dr. Brimhall’s research interests include digital field mapping, exploration and mining geology, ore deposit genesis and geochemistry, surface process geochemistry, and mineral resources issues. He has been active in the Society of Economic Geologists and the Geological Society of America; he was associate editor of the Geological Society of America Bulletin from 1992 to 1995. Dr. Brimhall was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2001 and received the University of California, Berkeley Noyce Distinguished Teaching Award in 1999. He holds a Ph.D. in geology from the University of California, Berkeley.

ROBERT S. CHEN is director and senior research scientist at the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) of Columbia University. He served as CIESIN’s deputy director from 1998 to 2006 and as CIESIN’s interim director from 2006 to 2007. Dr. Chen is also the manager and co-principal investigator of the Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center, a data center in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Earth Observing System Data and Information System. He is secretary-general of the Committee on Data for Science and Technology of the International Council for Science and an ex officio member of the National Research Council Board on Research Data and Information. He has contributed to activities of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for more than a decade and serves as an ex officio member of the IPCC Task Group on Data and Scenario Support for Impacts and Climate Analysis and co-manager of the IPCC Data Distribution Center. Dr. Chen received his Ph.D. in geography from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and holds master’s degrees in technology and policy and in meteorology and physical oceanography from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His undergraduate degree was in earth and planetary sciences from MIT.

ANDREA DONNELLAN is a geophysicist at the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and a research



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