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Appendix A Biographic Information on the Committee on Human and Environmental Exposure Science in the 21st Century Kirk R. Smith (Chair) is professor of global environmental health and director of the Global Health and Environment Program at the University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health. Previously, he was founder and head of the Energy Program of the EastWest Center in Honolulu. Dr. Smith's research interests include environmental and health issues in developing countries, par- ticularly those related to health-damaging and climate-changing air pollution from household energy use. His research also includes field measurement and health-effects studies in India, China, Nepal, Mexico, and Guatemala and devel- opment and application of tools for international policy assessments. He devel- ops and deploys small, smart, and inexpensive microchip-based monitors for use in those settings. Dr. Smith serves on several national and international scientific advisory committees, including the Global Energy Assessment, the National Research Council's Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, the executive committee for the World Health Organization Air Quality Guidelines, and the International Comparative Risk Assessment. He participated in the Intergov- ernmental Panel on Climate Change third and fourth assessments and thus shared the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize. Dr. Smith was elected a member of the Na- tional Academy of Sciences in 1997. He received the Heinz Prize in Environ- ment in 2009. Dr. Smith received a PhD in biomedical and environmental health science from the University of California, Berkeley. Paul J. Lioy (Vice Chair) is a professor in and the vice chair of the Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)Robert Wood Johnson Medical School (RWJMS). He is also the deputy director of government relations and director of 184
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Appendix A 185 exposure science at the Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Insti- tute of UMDNJ-RWJMS and Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. Dr. Lioy is a member of the US Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board and has served on the Board on Toxicology and Environmental Studies of the National Research Council. He is a fellow of the Collegium Ramazzini and was a member of the International Joint Commission Air Quality Board for the United States and Canada. He is a former president of the International Society of Exposure Science and was the 1998 recipient of the Wesolowski Award for Human Exposure Research. He was also the 2003 recipient of the Air and Waste Management Association Frank Chambers Award for Lifetime Research and Applications in Air Pollution and, among his other awards, was the 2008 recipi- ent of the Rutgers Graduate School's Distinguished Alumnus Award in Mathe- matics, Engineering and Physical Sciences. Dr. Lioy's research interests include human exposure to environmental and occupational pollution, multimedia expo- sure issues for metals and pesticides, research on air-pollution exposure and dose relationships, and participation in the study of exposure and effects of pol- lution on human health in urban and nonurban areas and controlled environ- ments. He is an author of 250 peer-reviewed papers and is an Information Sci- ences Institute Most Highly Cited Scientist in environment and ecology. Dr. Lioy has been a member of numerous editorial boards, including his current positions as associate editor of Environmental Health Perspectives and the Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. He has served as a member of numerous National Research Council committees and chaired the 19871991 Committee on Air Pollution Exposure Assessment. Dr. Lioy received a PhD in environmental sciences from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. Richard T. Di Giulio serves as director of Duke University's Integrated Toxi- cology Program and the Superfund Basic Research Center. His research con- cerns basic studies of mechanisms of contaminant metabolism, adaptation, and toxicity and the development of mechanistically based indexes of exposure and toxicity that can be used in biomonitoring. The long-term goals of his research are to bridge the gap between mechanistic toxicologic research and the devel- opment of useful tools for environmental assessment and to elucidate linkages between human and ecosystem health. The bulk of Dr. Di Giulio's work uses a comparative approach with aquatic animals, particularly fishes, as models. Of particular concern are mechanisms of oxidative metabolism of aromatic hydro- carbons, mechanisms of free-radical production and antioxidant defense, mechanisms of chemical carcinogenesis, and developmental perturbations and adaptations to contaminated environments by fishes. He received a PhD from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. J. Paul Gilman is senior vice president and chief sustainability officer for Co- vanta Energy. Previously, he served as director of the Oak Ridge Center for Ad- vanced Studies and as assistant administrator for research and development in
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186 Exposure Science in the 21st Century: A Vision and A Strategy the US Environmental Protection Agency. He also worked in the Office of Man- agement and Budget, where he had oversight responsibilities for the US De- partment of Energy (DOE) and all science agencies. In DOE, he advised the secretary of energy on scientific and technical matters. From 1993 to 1998, Dr. Gilman was the executive director of the Commission on Life Sciences and the Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources of the National Research Council. He has served on the National Research Council Board on Environmental Stud- ies and Toxicology and on several committees and in other activities of the Na- tional Research Council. Dr. Gilman received his PhD in ecology and evolution- ary biology from the Johns Hopkins University. Michael Jerrett is a professor and chair of environmental health sciences at the University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health. Since 2001, he has participated in the American Cancer Society Particle Epidemiology Project. His research interests include the spatial analysis of diseaseexposure associations using geographic information science, geographic exposure modeling, and land- use characterization. Dr. Jerrett also studies environmental accounting, focusing on the determinants and evaluation of environmental costs and benefits. He has designed and analyzed local, provincial, state, and national health and environ- ment databases in North America, Europe, and Asia. His work opened important field research connecting social determinants of health, air-pollution health ef- fects, and spatial analysis. The spatial analysis demonstrated that the health ef- fects of air pollution are reduced but not eliminated by ecologic (population- based) confounding and are often modified by individual and neighborhood so- cial characteristics. Dr. Jerrett received his PhD in geography from the Univer- sity of Toronto (Canada). Petros Koutrakis is a professor of environmental sciences and director of the Environmental Chemistry Laboratory of Harvard University. He is also the di- rector of the US Environmental Protection AgencyHarvard University Ambient Particle Center. Dr. Koutrakis is the past technical editor-in-chief of the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association. His research interests include hu- man exposure assessment, ambient and indoor air pollution, environmental ana- lytic chemistry, and environmental management. He has more than 170 peer- reviewed publications and seven patents and has conducted a number of com- prehensive air-pollution studies in the United States, Canada, Spain, Chile, and Greece. He is a member of several national and international committees and has served as a member of the National Research Council Committee on Re- search Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter and the Committee for Review of the Army's Enhanced Particulate Matter Surveillance Project Report. Dr. Koutrakis received a PhD in environmental chemistry from the University of Paris.
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Appendix A 187 Thomas E. McKone is a senior staff scientist and deputy department head at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and an adjunct professor and researcher at the University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health. Dr. McKone was appointed by California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger to the California Scientific Guidance Panel. He is a Fellow of the Society for Risk Analysis, for- mer president of the International Society of Exposure Analysis, and a member of the Organizing Committee for the International Life-Cycle Initiative, which is a joint effort of the UN Environment Programme and the Society for Environ- mental Toxicology and Chemistry. Dr. McKone's research interests include the use of multimedia compartment models in health-risk assessments, chemical transport and transformation in the environment, and measuring and modeling the biophysics of contaminant transport from the environment into the microen- vironments with which humans have contact and across the humanenvironment exchange boundaries--skin, lungs, and gut. One of Dr. McKone's most recog- nized achievements was his development of the CalTOX risk-assessment framework for the California Department of Toxic Substances Control. He has been a member of several National Research Council committees, including the Committee on Environmental Decision Making: Principles and Criteria for Models, the Committee on Improving Risk Analysis Approaches Used by the U.S. EPA, and the Committee on Human Health Reassessment of TCDD and Related Compounds. He received his PhD in engineering from the University of California, Los Angeles. James T. Oris is a professor in the Department of Zoology and is the associate provost for research and dean of the graduate school at Miami University in Ox- ford, Ohio. Dr. Oris's research centers on the ecologic toxicology of chemicals in aquatic systems. He has focused on sediment toxicity, photoinduced toxicity, long-term reproductive toxicity, routes of uptake, and environmental factors that may alter fate and effects. Those studies have ranged from the use of molecular biomarkers to landscape-scale ecologic assessments. Dr. Oris is also interested in standard toxicity-test development and methods, including the statistical modeling and analysis of toxicity doseresponse relationships. Dr. Oris served as the president (20042005) of SETAC North America, a unit of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. He received a PhD in environmental toxicology and fisheries and wildlife from Michigan State University. Amanda D. Rodewald is professor of wildlife ecology in the School of Envi- ronment and Natural Resources of Ohio State University. Dr. Rodewald's re- search program examines the mechanisms guiding landscape-scale responses of animal communities to anthropogenic disturbances on multiple spatial scales and across multiple levels of biologic organization. Her research touches on a variety of subdisciplines, including conservation biology, landscape ecology,
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188 Exposure Science in the 21st Century: A Vision and A Strategy population demography, community ecology, behavioral ecology, and ecologic restoration. She serves on the editorial board of Studies in Avian Biology and is a member of the Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board. She received her PhD in ecology from Pennsylvania State University. Susan L. Santos is an assistant professor in the Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey School of Public Health. She holds a concurrent appointment at the US Department of Veteran Affairs War-Related Illness and Injury Study Center in East Orange, NJ, where she serves as the risk-communication specialist dealing with deployment-related health risks. Dr. Santos is also the founder and princi- pal of FOCUS GROUP, a consultancy specializing in risk communication, community relations, and health and environmental management. She combines her research and hands-on experience to aid federal, state, and local government agencies and private-sector clients in the design, implementation, and evaluation of health, safety, and environmental risk communication and community in- volvement programs. Before forming FOCUS GROUP, Dr. Santos served as director of corporate risk assessment services for ABB Environmental, Inc. She also worked for 8 years for Environmental Protection Agency's Region 1 in hazardous-waste management. She conducted research projects exploring how to communicate the results of health studies to community members, including low-literacy audiences, and methods for evaluating stakeholder involvement programs. Dr. Santos has a PhD in law, policy, and society from Northeastern University. Richard Sharp is director of bioethics research at the Cleveland Clinic. Before joining the Cleveland Clinic in 2007, Dr. Sharp taught bioethics at Baylor Col- lege of Medicine and directed the Program in Environmental Health Policy and Ethics at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. His research examines the promotion of informed patient decision-making in clinical re- search, particularly research that involves genetic analyses. Dr. Sharp is a mem- ber of the Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Human Genetics Study Sec- tion in the Center for Scientific Review of the National Institute of Health. He received his PhD from Michigan State University. Gina Solomon is the deputy secretary for science and health at the California Environmental Protection Agency (CalEPA). Before joining CalEPA in May 2012, she was a senior scientist at the Natural Resources Defense Council and a clinical professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), where she was also the director of the UCSF occupational and envi- ronmental medicine residency program and the associate director of the UCSF Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit. Her work has included research on asthma, climate change, and environmental and occupational threats to re- productive health and child development. Dr. Solomon serves on the Environ- mental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board and on the editorial board of
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Appendix A 189 Environmental Health Perspectives. Dr. Solomon was a member of the National Research Council Committee on Toxicity Testing in the 21st Century. She re- ceived her BA from Brown University, her MD from Yale School of Medicine, and her MPH from the Harvard School of Public Health. Justin G. Teeguarden is a senior scientist in biologic monitoring and modeling at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. He previously served as chair and president-elect for the DoseResponse Specialty Section of the Society for Risk Analysis. He also served as a member of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Science to Achieve Results (STAR) grant-review panel on computational toxicology. In 2003, Dr. Teeguarden received an award from the Risk Assess- ment Specialty Section of the Society of Toxicology for the Best Published Manuscript Advancing the Science of Risk Assessment. His current research involves developing an integrated systems-biologydirected research program on effects of particulate matter on respiratory health. He continues to consult both for EPA and for private companies on developing and applying physiologi- cally based pharmacokinetic models and other dosimetry approaches supporting risk assessment. He received his PhD in toxicology from the University of Wis- consinMadison. Duncan C. Thomas is the director of the Biostatistics Division of the Depart- ment of Preventive Medicine of the University of Southern California and holds the Verna Richter Chair in Cancer Research. Dr. Thomas was codirector of the Southern California Environmental Health Sciences Center (funded by the Na- tional Institute of Environmental Health Sciences) and is director of its Study Design and Statistical Methods of Research Core. His research interests include the development of statistical methods in epidemiology, with emphasis on can- cer epidemiology, occupational and environmental health, and genetic epidemi- ology. He is also a senior investigator in the California Children's Health Study. He has published more than 200 peer-reviewed journal articles in those fields and is the author of Statistical Methods in Environmental Epidemiology (Oxford University Press, 2009). Dr. Thomas is a Fellow of the American College of Epidemiology and a past president of the International Genetic Epidemiology Society. He has served as a member of National Research Council committees to review radioepidemiology tables, the biologic effects on populations of expo- sures to low levels of ionizing radiation (BEIR V), and improving the presump- tive disability decision-making process for veterans. He was a member of Presi- dent Clinton's Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments. Dr. Thomas received his PhD in epidemiology and health from McGill University and his MS in mathematics from Stanford University. Thomas G. Thundat is a Canada Excellence Research Chair professor at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Until recently, he was a UT- Battelle/ORNL Corporate Fellow and the leader of the Nanoscale Science and Devices Group at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). He is also a re-
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190 Exposure Science in the 21st Century: A Vision and A Strategy search professor at the University of Tennessee Knoxville; a visiting professor at the University of Burgundy, France; and a Distinguished Professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. He received his PhD in physics from the State University of New York at Albany in 1987. He is the author of over 263 publi- cations in refereed journals, 45 book chapters, and 32 patents. Dr. Thundat is the recipient of many awards, including the US Department of Energy's Young Sci- entist Award, R&D 100 Awards, the ASME Pioneer Award, the Discover Magazine Award, FLC Awards, the Scientific American 50 Award, the Jesse Beams Award, the Nano 50 Award, Battelle Distinguished Inventor, and many ORNL awards for invention, publication, and research and development. Dr. Thundat is an elected Fellow of the American Physical Society, the Electro- chemical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Dr. Thundat's current re- search focuses on novel physical, chemical, and biologic detection using micro and nano mechanical sensors. His expertise includes the physics and chemistry of interfaces, biophysics, solidliquid interfaces, scanning probes, nanoscale phenomena, and quantum confined atoms. Sacoby M. Wilson is an assistant professor at the Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health of the University of Maryland. Dr. Wilson for- merly was at the University of Michigan in the Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, where he developed a research agenda examin- ing built environments, planning, and health disparities. His research interests include the intersection of environmental and social determinants of health and health disparities, the effects of the built environment on vulnerable populations, spatiotemporal mapping of social and environmental phenomena, community- driven environmental-justice research on potential environmental public-health consequences, and geographic information systembased exposure assessment. Dr. Wilson received his PhD and MS in environmental health sciences from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.