Development or improvement of measurement and monitoring methods and interpretive tools (such as informatics) to provide data fundamental to exposure science.

Exposure metrics (based on prediction and diagnosis) and exposure indicators (based on observations) for assessing the effectiveness of risk management and other decision-making.

Approaches to increase the usefulness of data from biomonitoring or environmental monitoring in developing risk assessments and related public policies.

Identification of exposure aspects among humans and other organisms that do not readily lend themselves to inclusion in a unifying conceptual framework for exposure science.

Key research and development needs for advancing exposure science.

Educational approaches for training future exposure scientists.

Communication approaches for conveying exposure-related information to policy-makers and others.

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