BOX 3-8

An example of alternative funding mechanisms for operation and maintenance of inland waterways is the Florida Inland Navigation District (FIND). Initially created by the Florida Legislature in 1927 to serve as the local sponsor for inland waterways under the River and Harbor Act of 1927, FIND has developed into the principal state government entity with responsibility for management of the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway in Florida. The FIND is governed by an appointed Board of Commissioners who represent each of the twelve counties along the Waterway that stretches from the Georgia border to the Florida Keys. Funding for the FIND’s activities is provided through a millage assessment (currently 0.0345 mills) on ad valorem property within each county. These activities include dredging operations and waterway maintenance, construction and maintenance of boat marinas and ramps, and Waterway studies and educational programs. In recent years, the FIND has assumed an increasingly larger share of O&M expenses for the Waterway as federal funding has declined. For fiscal year 2011-2012, Waterway O&M amounted to 52.1 percent ($38.9 million) of the total FIND budget.

tection infrastructure differ from those in the Corps navigation support mission, as described in the previous section. Levees constructed by the Corps of Engineers that are locally maintained are eligible under emergency situations for federally funded maintenance under Public Law 84-99, the Flood Control and Coastal Emergency Act. The Act provides federal funding for emergency operations for flood control works threatened or destroyed by a flood or coastal storm, but it is not meant to cover general levee maintenance. All levee systems considered eligible for P.L. 84-99 assistance must be approved by the Corps to be in the Rehabilitation and Inspection Program before the flood event. P.L. 84-99 will repair levees to only pre-event conditions, and no improvements or enhancements are authorized. Outside of P.L. 84-99, riverine and coastal levee OMR costs for non-federal levees are not a federal responsibility. The role of the Corps of Engineers in levee OMR across the nation generally is one of technical support, including levee inspections and providing manuals and training on levee OMR.

Flood risks can be only partly mitigated by protective structures, and levees and coastal structures provide protection from some, but not all,

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