Key elements for improvements and goals in Successful K-12 STEM Education (National Research Council, 2011).

As shown in Figure 1, to support these changes at the local level, the previous report (National Research Council, 2011) also recommended commensurate enhancements to the national and state infrastructures:

•     Elevate science to the same level of importance as reading and mathematics.

•     Develop effective systems of assessment for science.

•     Invest in supports for teachers in the STEM disciplines.

•     Support rigorous research to identify instructional practices that improve student outcomes.

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