to consider at each node in order to help address the necessity of DoD to maintaining certain capabilities in-house (see Figure 3.1).
For the S&T capabilities listed, which the committee has already determined to be core to the CBDP, the committee asked the following questions:
(1) Should the CBDP be providing funding to support this core S&T capability?
The obvious answer may well be yes, but the committee explored some possible reasons that the CBDP should avoid using its limited resources in a specific area. For example, if another part of DoD or the government, which is viewed as reliable and competent, is already funding this area, maybe the CBDP should not invest heavily in this area, provided the two government units involved communicate with one another and make shared use of the findings.
(2) Assuming the CBDP does decide to support and fund a specific S&T capability, the committee looked at whether this capability can be found outside of the government.
As defined previously, capability is having both competence and capacity to accomplish a goal. Do the extra-governmental sources have the competence and capacity, the ability to ensure safety, security and scale to a given problem? If not, should DoD, as opposed to another governmental agency, be focusing on the S&T capability (see step 4)?
(3) If it can be found outside, should the government do it anyway?
In addressing this question, the committee considered a variety of factors that are of high importance to the program. What is the cost differential? Is there both long- and short-term domestic availability2 in the private sector? Does industry provide the necessary staying power for CBDP? Are there safety and security considerations that would require the program to maintain control? If these issues can be satisfactorily addressed, then perhaps CBDP should obtain this capability primarily from the private sector.
(4) If the above questions direct the government to maintain an internal capability, the CBDP should then consider whether it should maintain the capability itself, within DoD, or obtain it from other
2 The meaning of availability will be different for each S&T capability. Considerations for intellectual property rights are important in making this determination. Procedural barriers, such as contracting, should be considered in the short term, but care must be taken not to ascribe all problems to “procedural barriers” to avoid finding a solution.