for the capability needed; and (3) processes for rapid adoption of “tweaks” that would significantly improve existing capabilities. An adjunct objective would be to get the external performers interested in CBD problems such that they might be recruited to work on the problem.

Linking R&D Community to Operators

Finding 3.4: Separation of S&T performers from the end user is impeding their ability to meet the user’s needs. Individuals in the military laboratories noted that understanding more fully the context of their work could assist S&T personnel in developing operationally relevant products, identifying variables or factors that would otherwise be overlooked, and possibly shortening development time. In addition, a stronger relationship between operators and R&D performers could support innovation by enabling informed, collaborative “blue sky thinking.”

Recommendation 3.3: The DASD(CBD) should survey the military laboratories and associated facilities to identify strong relationships between S&T performers and the warfighters, and support replication of such interactions across the program.

Simulants for Test and Evaluation

Finding 3.5: Broadly speaking, the capacity for test and evaluation to support the needs of the CBDP exists within DoD. Test and evaluation is a core component of the program and important to maintain within DoD at a high level of competency and responsiveness.

Finding 3.6: Much of the current T&E is based on unrealistic expectations of how the material or equipment being tested would actually be used. The threat, although long-standing, is uncertain. In addition, the lack of connection with the military operators often leads to the omission of realistic simulation of deployment and use environments.

Recommendation 3.4: Because of the economic, logistical, and environmental concerns with actual agent testing, DASD(CBD) should give priority to the active development and production of realistic and relevant threat agent simulants for both outdoor and large-chamber tests. A single simulant, especially for chemical agents, is unlikely to possess all of the same physical, chemical, and/or transport properties of an actual agent; therefore, multiple simulants may be required to fully stress critical design parameters during T&E.

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