McNulty, N. P., T. Yatsunenko, A. Hsiao, J. J. Faith, B. D. Muegge, A. L. Goodman, B. Henrissat, R. Oozeer, S. Cools-Portier, G. Gobert, C. Chervaux, D. Knights, C. A. Lozupone, R. Knight, A. E. Duncan, J. R. Bain, M. J. Muehlbauer, C. B. Newgard, A. C. Heath, and J. I. Gordon. 2011. The impact of a consortium of fermented milk strains on the gut microbiome of gnotobiotic mice and monozygotic twins. Science Translational Medicine 3(106):106ra106.

Metchnikov, E. 1907. The prolongation of life. London: William Heinemann.

Mussatto, S. I., and I. M. Mancilha. 2007. Non-digestible oligosaccharides: A review. Carbohydrate Polymers 68(3):587-597.

Nandi, S., J. J. Maurer, C. Hofacre, and A. O. Summers. 2004. Gram-positive bacteria are a major reservoir of class 1 antibiotic resistance integrons in poultry litter. PNAS 101(18):7118-7122.

Ninonuevo, M. R., Y. Park, H. Yin, J. Zhang, R. E. Ward, B. H. Clowers, J. B. German, S. L. Freeman, K. Killeen, R. Grimm, and C. B. Lebrilla. 2006. A strategy for annotating the human milk glycome. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 54(20):7471-7480.

O’Mahony, L., J. McCarthy, P. Kelly, G. Hurley, F. Luo, K. Chen, G. C. O’Sullivan, B. Kiely, J. K. Collins, F. Shanahan, and E. M. Quigley. 2005. Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium in irritable bowel syndrome: Symptom responses and relationship to cytokine profiles. Gastroenterology 128(3):541-551.

O’Toole, P. W., and J. C. Cooney. 2008. Probiotic bacteria influence the composition and function of the intestinal microbiota. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases 2008:175285.

Poroyko, V., J. R. White, M. Wang, S. Donovan, J. Alverdy, D. C. Liu, and M. J. Morowitz. 2010. Gut microbial gene expression in mother-fed and formula-fed piglets. PLoS ONE 5(8):e12459.

Preidis, G. A., and J. Versalovic. 2009. Targeting the human microbiome with antibiotics, probiotics, and prebiotics: Gastroenterology enters the metagenomics era. Gastroenterology 136(6):2015-2031.

Preidis, G. A., D. M. Saulnier, S. E. Blutt, T. A. Mistretta, K. P. Riehle, A. M. Major, S. F. Venable, J. P. Barrish, M. J. Finegold, J. F. Petrosino, R. L. Guerrant, M. E. Conner, and J. Versalovic. 2012a. Host response to probiotics determined by nutritional status of rotavirus-infected neonatal mice. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 55(3):299-307.

Preidis, G. A., D. M. Saulnier, S. E. Blutt, T. A. Mistretta, K. P. Riehle, A. M. Major, S. F. Venable, M. J. Finegold, J. F. Petrosino, M. E. Conner, and J. Versalovic. 2012b. Probiotics stimulate enterocyte migration and microbial diversity in the neonatal mouse intestine. FASEB Journal 26(5):1960-1969.

Prescott, S. L., K. Wickens, L. Westcott, W. Jung, H. Currie, P. N. Black, T. V. Stanley, E. A. Mitchell, P. Fitzharris, R. Siebers, L. Wu, J. Crane, and Probiotic Study Group. 2008. Supplementation with Lactobacillus rhamnosus or Bifidobacterium lactis probiotics in pregnancy increases cord blood interferon-gamma and breast milk transforming growth factor-beta and immunoglobin A detection. Clinical and Experimental Allergy 38(10):1606-1614.

Priya, A. J., S. P. Vijayalakshmi, and A. M. Raichur. 2011. Enhanced survival of probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus by encapsulation with nanostructured polyelectrolyte layers through layer-by-layer approach. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 59(21):11838-11845.

Reuter, G. 2001. The Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium microflora of the human intestine: Composition and succession. Current Issues in Intestinal Microbiology 2(2):43-53.

Sanders, M. E. 2011. Impact of probiotics on colonizing microbiota of the gut. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 45(Suppl):S115-S119.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement