D

Abbreviations and Acronyms

AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
   
BCFA branched-chain fatty acid
BMI body mass index
   
CFU colony-forming unit
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
   
DIO diet-induced obesity
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DRI dietary reference intake
DSHEA Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act
   
EFSA European Food Safety Authority
EPAS1 endothelial PAS domain-containing protein 1
EU European Union
   
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization
FD&C Act Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
2’-FL 2’-fucosyllactose
FMP fermented milk product
FSDU food for special dietary use
FSMA Food Safety Modernization Act
FTC Federal Trade Commission
   


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 179
D Abbreviations and Acronyms AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality BCFA branched-chain fatty acid BMI body mass index CFU colony-forming unit COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease DIO diet-induced obesity DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DRI dietary reference intake DSHEA Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act EFSA European Food Safety Authority EPAS1 endothelial PAS domain-containing protein 1 EU European Union FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FD&C Act Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration 2'-FL 2'-fucosyllactose FMP fermented milk product FSDU food for special dietary use FSMA Food Safety Modernization Act FTC Federal Trade Commission 179

OCR for page 179
180 THE HUMAN MICROBIOME, DIET, AND HEALTH GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid GalOS galactooligosaccharide GDP gross domestic product GI gastrointestinal GMO genetically modified organism GRAS generally recognized as safe GWAS genome-wide association studies HMO human milk oligosaccharide HMP Human Microbiome Project HUMAnN HMP Unified Metabolic Analysis Network IBD imflammatory bowel disease IBS irritable bowel syndrome ICU intensive care unit IFIC International Food Information Council IgA immunoglobulin A IHMC International Human Microbiome Consortium IL interleukin IND Investigational New Drug IOM Institute of Medicine IRB institutional review board ITC isothiocynate JCVI J. Craig Venter Institute LDL low-density lipoprotein LPS lipopolysaccharide LRH liver receptor homologue MAP mitogen-activated protein MDA multiple displacement amplification mRNA messenger ribonucleic acid MWAS metabolome-wide association studies NDI new dietary ingredient NDO nondigestible oligosaccharide NEC necrotizing enterocolitis NIH National Institutes of Health NMR nuclear magnetic resonance NSF National Science Foundation OTU operational taxonomic unit

OCR for page 179
APPENDIX D 181 PCR polymerase chain reaction PDX polydextrose PKU phenylketonuria qRT quantitative real-time rDNA ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid rRNA ribosomal ribonucleic acid RYGB Roux-en-Y gastric bypass SCF soluble corn fiber SCFA short-chain fatty acid TF transcription factor TJP1 tight junction protein 1 TLR Toll-like receptor TNBS 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid TNF tumor necrosis factor USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture WHO World Health Organization

OCR for page 179